Package repository for OpenSTLinux distribution

1 Disclaimers[edit]

STMicroelectronics packages repository service is provided for evaluation purpose only, and therefore not approved for use in production.
The package licenses hosted in these repositories can be found here: OpenSTLinux licenses.
Command outputs described in this document may slightly vary depending on tools version.

1.1 Description[edit]

OpenSTLinux provides a package repository service hosted at the non-browsable URL http://packages.openstlinux.st.com.

The package repository service is designed for STM32MP157C-DK2 boards and is enabled by default in the Starter Package.


1.2 Organization[edit]

Within each repository, packages are organized in two groups (a.k.a components in the APT terminology):

  • the main group contains a wide selection of packages whose installation is automatically tested by STMicroelectronics
  • the untested group contains all the other packages that can be built using the bitbake world command. However their installation is not guaranteed.

A third group named updates is reserved for future use.

1.3 Limitations[edit]

Packages repository service doesn't include the packages that are shipped in the rootfs image, nor the BSP components (TF-A, U-Boot, Linux and OP-TEE). They can be installed only from the Starter Package using the STM32CubeProgrammer.

rootfs available space is about 60MB by default. For a better experience it is recommended to flash the Starter Package using the "extensible" flashlayout (*-extensible.tsv).
Extensible flashlayout does not flash userfs partition to extend the rootfs partition to the size of the sdcard.


2 Usage[edit]

2.1 Prequisite[edit]

We assume your board has an internet connection either through the network cable or through a WiFi connection.


2.2 Apt[edit]

OpenSTLinux packages can be handled using apt-* utilities, which are the same utilities used on a Debian system. The first apt-* command that must be run before any other is:

 Board $> apt-get update
 The software package is provided AS IS, and by downloading it, you agree to be
 bound to the terms of the software license agreement (SLA).
 The detailed content licenses can be found at
 https://wiki.st.com/stm32mpu/wiki/OpenSTLinux_licenses.
  
 Get:1 http://packages.openstlinux.st.com/2.0 dunfell InRelease [3431 B]
 Get:2 http://packages.openstlinux.st.com/2.0 dunfell/main armhf Packages [1039 kB]
 Get:3 http://packages.openstlinux.st.com/2.0 dunfell/untested armhf Packages [1645 kB]
 Fetched 2687 kB in 10s (268 kB/s)
 Reading package lists... Done

This command synchronizes the local packages index from the repositories enumerated in /etc/apt/sources.list{,.d}. Once it is updated, apt-cache can be used to get the list of all available packages:

 Board $> apt-cache search .
 a52dec - ATSC A/52 surround sound stream decoder
 a52dec-doc - ATSC A/52 surround sound stream decoder
 acl - Utilities for managing POSIX Access Control Lists
 ...
 xserver-xorg - The X.Org X server
 xserver-xorg-xwayland - The X.Org X server
 xterm - xterm is the standard terminal emulator for the X Window System
 xvinfo - Print out X-Video extension adaptor information
 xz - Utilities for managing LZMA compressed files

It is possible to list only packages that match a given pattern, for example:

 Board $> apt-cache search emacs
 libreadline-doc - Library for editing typed command lines - Documentation files
 gpm - Console mouse driver
 gpm-doc - Console mouse driver - Documentation files
 zile - Zile is lossy Emacs
 zile-doc - Zile is lossy Emacs - Documentation files
 libreadline8 - Library for editing typed command lines

The desired package(s) can then be easily installed:

 Board $> apt-get install zile
 Reading package lists... Done
 Building dependency tree
 Reading state information... Done
 The following additional packages will be installed:
   bdwgc
 The following NEW packages will be installed:
   bdwgc zile
 0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
 Need to get 148 kB of archives.
 After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
 Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
 Get:1 http://packages.openstlinux.st.com/2.0 dunfell/untested armhf bdwgc armhf 8.0.4-r0 [69.2 kB]
 Get:2 http://packages.openstlinux.st.com/2.0 dunfell/untested armhf zile armhf 2.4.14-r0 [79.3 kB]
 Fetched 148 kB in 0s (251 kB/s)
 
 The software package is provided AS IS, and by downloading it, you agree to be
 bound to the terms of the software license agreement (SLA).
 The detailed content licenses can be found at
 https://wiki.st.com/stm32mpu/wiki/OpenSTLinux_licenses.
 
 Selecting previously unselected package bdwgc.
 (Reading database ... 14030 files and directories currently installed.)
 Preparing to unpack .../bdwgc_8.0.4-r0_armhf.deb ...
 Unpacking bdwgc (8.0.4-r0) ...
 Selecting previously unselected package zile.
 Preparing to unpack .../zile_2.4.14-r0_armhf.deb ...
 Unpacking zile (2.4.14-r0) ...
 Setting up bdwgc (8.0.4-r0) ...
 Setting up zile (2.4.14-r0) ...

... or removed:

 Board $> apt-get remove zile
 Reading package lists... Done
 Building dependency tree
 Reading state information... Done
 The following package was automatically installed and is no longer required:
   bdwgc
 Use 'apt autoremove' to remove it.
 The following packages will be REMOVED:
   zile
 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
 After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
 Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
 
 The software package is provided AS IS, and by downloading it, you agree to be
 bound to the terms of the software license agreement (SLA).
 The detailed content licenses can be found at
 https://wiki.st.com/stm32mpu/wiki/OpenSTLinux_licenses.
   
 (Reading database ... 14035 files and directories currently installed.)
 Removing zile (2.4.14-r0) ...


This command only removes the files that were installed from this package. It does not remove the package from the apt download cache. If there is not enough space available on the system, it is recommended to clean the cache:

 Board $> apt-get clean

Likewise, some packages may have been automatically installed to respect dependencies with other packages. If they are no longer required, they can be removed to free space:

 Board $> apt-get autoremove
 Reading package lists... Done
 Building dependency tree
 Reading state information... Done
 The following packages will be REMOVED:
   bdwgc
 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
 After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
 Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
 
 The software package is provided AS IS, and by downloading it, you agree to be
 bound to the terms of the software license agreement (SLA).
 The detailed content licenses can be found at
 https://wiki.st.com/stm32mpu/wiki/OpenSTLinux_licenses.
 
 (Reading database ... 14034 files and directories currently installed.)
 Removing bdwgc (8.0.4-r0) ...


3 How to activate a local package repository[edit]

3.1 Prerequisite[edit]

Even if Package repository for OpenSTLinux offers lots of and various packages, you may need to use a local and personnal package repository. To use a local and personnal package repository is a 'smart' and 'quick' way to update the STM32MP15_Discovery_kits_-_Starter_Package with your developments.

A local package repository is a collection of *.deb organized such apt needs it. The local repository should provide Packages metafiles.

Natively OpenEmbedded/Yocto build system is able to generate a valid package repository (by using bitbake package-index command listed below). So first Install the STM32MP1 OpenSTLinux distribution.

3.2 Update the repo package indexes[edit]

Execute the bitbake package-index command:

 PC $> cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-<DISTRO>-<MACHINE>
 PC $> bitbake package-index

3.3 HTTP server execution on the computer[edit]

SimpleHTTPserver python application is already installed on the board with the OpenSTLinux distribution. You just need to launch this application on your host computer, in the "[your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-<DISTRO>-<MACHINE>/tmp-glibc/deploy/deb" folder:

PC $> cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-<DISTRO>-<MACHINE>/tmp-glibc/deploy/deb
PC $> python -m SimpleHTTPServer&

3.4 How to use the local OpenSTLinux Distribution[edit]

We use the physical IP address of the HTTP server we launched above to configure APT. That means this {{<IP>}} address should be defined as static on the host computer.
You can now configure the APT tool directly on the target via a Linux console:

Board $> echo "deb [trusted=yes] http://<IP>:8000/stm32mp1 /" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/my_custom.list
Board $> echo "deb [trusted=yes] http://<IP>:8000/all /" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/my_custom.list
Board $> echo "deb [trusted=yes] http://<IP>:8000/cortexa7t2hf-neon-vfpv4 /" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/my_custom.list

In the above example, [trusted=yes] has been specified because the package manifest Release is not signed.

Then you can run the command to synchronize the local packages index:

 Board $> apt-get update
 The software package is provided AS IS, and by downloading it, you agree to be
 bound to the terms of the software license agreement (SLA).
 The detailed content licenses can be found at
 https://wiki.st.com/stm32mpu/wiki/OpenSTLinux_licenses.
 Ign:1 http://<IP>:8000/all  InRelease                                                                                                                           
 Ign:2 http://<IP>:8000/stm32mp1  InRelease                                                                                                                      
 Ign:3 http://<IP>:8000/cortexa7t2hf-neon-vfpv4  InRelease                                                                                                       
 Get:4 http://<IP>:8000/all  Release [1213 B]                                                                                                                    
 Get:5 http://<IP>:8000/stm32mp1  Release [1218 B]                                                                                                               
 Get:6 http://<IP>:8000/cortexa7t2hf-neon-vfpv4  Release [1233 B]                                                                                                
 Ign:7 http://<IP>:8000/all  Release.gpg                                                                                                                         
 Ign:8 http://<IP>:8000/stm32mp1  Release.gpg                                                                                                                    
 Ign:9 http://<IP>:8000/cortexa7t2hf-neon-vfpv4  Release.gpg                                                                                                     
 Get:10 http://<IP>:8000/all  Packages [82.8 kB]                                                                                                                 
 Get:11 http://<IP>:8000/stm32mp1  Packages [173 kB]                                                                                                             
 Get:12 http://<IP>:8000/cortexa7t2hf-neon-vfpv4  Packages [1734 kB]                                                                                             
 Fetched 1994 kB in 3s (662 kB/s)                                                                                                                                        
 Reading package lists... Done

The other apt-* commands are now available as described above.

4 Support[edit]

Bug reports, request for new packages, or any other kind of support requests can be submitted through https://community.st.com.


5 Further readings[edit]