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DAC internal peripheral
1 Article purpose
The purpose of this article is to
- briefly introduce the DAC peripheral and its main features
- indicate the level of security supported by this hardware block
- explain how each instance can be allocated to the runtime contexts and linked to the corresponding software components
- explain how to configure the DAC peripheral.
2 Peripheral overview
The DAC peripheral is a voltage output digital-to-analog converter.
Refer to STM32MP15 reference manuals for the complete list of features, and to the software components, introduced below, to know which features are really implemented.
- It may be configured in 8- or 12-bit mode (data could be left- or right-aligned)
- It has two output channels, each with its own converter
- The dual DAC channel mode could be done independently or simultaneously
- It has built-in noise and triangle waveform generator and supports triggers for conversions, using: TIM, LPTIM or EXTI
- The DAC output buffer allows a high drive output current
- It can operate under Normal mode or low-power Sample and Hold mode (uses LSI clock, from RCC).
- It may be used in conjunction with the DMA controller (with underrun error detection)
- The common reference voltage, can be provided by either VREFBUF or any other external regulator wired to VREF+ pin.
2.2 Security support
The DAC is a non-secure peripheral.
3 Peripheral usage and associated software
3.1 Boot time
The DAC is not used at boot time.
The DAC instances can be allocated to:
- the Arm® Cortex®-A7 non-secure core to be used under Linux® with the IIO framework
- the Arm® Cortex®-M4 core to be used with STM32Cube Package with STM32Cube DAC driver.
The Peripheral assignment chapter describes which peripheral instance can be assigned to which context.
3.2.2 Software frameworks
|Analog||DAC||Linux IIO framework||STM32Cube DAC driver|
3.2.3 Peripheral configuration
The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context to which the peripheral is assigned. The configuration by itself can be performed via the STM32CubeMX tool for all internal peripherals. It can then be manually completed (especially for external peripherals) according to the information given in the corresponding software framework article.
For the Linux kernel configuration, please refer to DAC device tree configuration and DAC Linux driver articles.
3.2.4 Peripheral assignment
Click on the right to expand the legend...
Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:
- ☐ means that the peripheral can be assigned (☑) to the given runtime context.
- ⬚ means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context, but this configuration is not supported in STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
- ✓ is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are statically connected in the device.
Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to a runtime context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.
|Analog||DAC||DAC||☐||☐||Assignment (single choice)|