SAI internal peripheral




1 Article purpose[edit]

The purpose of this article is to:

  • briefly introduce the SAI peripheral and its main features
  • indicate the level of security supported by this hardware block
  • explain how each instance can be allocated to the three runtime contexts and linked to the corresponding software components
  • explain how to configure the SAI peripheral.

2 Peripheral overview[edit]

The SAI (Serial Audio Interface) offers a wide set of audio protocols, such as: I2S standards (LSB or MSB-justified), PCM/DSP, TDM and S/PDIF. The SAI contains two independent audio sub-blocks. Each sub-block has its own clock generator and I/O line controller, and can be configured either as transmitter or receiver.

2.1 Features[edit]

Refer to STM32MP15 reference manuals for the complete feature list, and to the software components, introduced below, to see which features are implemented.

2.2 Security support[edit]

All the SAI instances are non secure peripherals.

3 Peripheral usage and associated software[edit]

3.1 Boot time[edit]

The SAI is not used at boot time.

3.2 Runtime[edit]

3.2.1 Overview[edit]

SAI instances can be allocated to:

Chapter #Peripheral assignment exposes which instance can be assigned to which context.

3.2.2 Software frameworks[edit]

Domain Peripheral Software frameworks Comment
Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Audio SAI ALSA framework STM32Cube SAI driver

3.2.3 Peripheral configuration[edit]

The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context to which the peripheral is assigned. The configuration can be done alone via the STM32CubeMX tool for all internal peripherals, then manually completed (particularly for external peripherals), according to the information given in the corresponding software framework article.

3.2.3.1 Configuration in Cortex-A7 non-secure software[edit]

When the Arm® Cortex®-A7 core operates in non-secure access mode, the SAI is controlled by the Linux kernel framework. Refer to SAI Linux driver to drive the SAI through Linux kernel ALSA framework. Refer to Soundcard configuration and SAI device tree configuration to configure the SAI through the Linux kernel device tree[1].

3.2.3.2 Arm® Cortex®-M4 software configuration[edit]


3.2.4 Peripheral assignment[edit]

Internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned () to the given runtime context.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are statically connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to a runtime context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Audio SAI SAI1 Assignment (single choice)
SAI2 Assignment (single choice)
SAI3 Assignment (single choice)
SAI4 Assignment (single choice)

4 How to go further[edit]

STM32L4 SAI training [2] introduces the SAI features and applications. The version of the SAI peripheral in STM32 MPUs differs from the version of the SAI in the STM32 L4, which is covered by this training. As the STM32-MPU SAI has additional features, the user should refer to the STM32MP15 reference manuals for a complete description.

5 References[edit]

Serial Audio Interface

Integrated Interchip Sound

Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format

Open Portable Trusted Execution Environment

Microprocessor Unit

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