Coprocessor power management

Applicable for STM32MP15x lines

1 Article purpose[edit]

The purpose of this article is to give an overview of the software APIs available on the Arm® Cortex®-M4 (also named MCU) side to handle the low power modes.

2 Low power modes available on the chip[edit]

Refer to STM32MP15 reference manuals for the full description of the modes.
The AN5109 low power application note also gives details on these modes.

The modes are handled by RCC and PWR peripherals.

The table below explains the chip hardware states corresponding to each low power mode.

Subsystem either refers to Arm® Cortex®-A7 side (also called MPU) or Arm® Cortex®-M4 side (also called MCU). A mode prefixed by 'C' refers to a CPU subsystem mode.

A platform mode is the combination of MPU and MCU modes.

Level Mode Vddcore state Clocks state
Subsystem MPU CRun on on
MPU CStop on Subsystem off
MPU CStandby on Subsystem off
MCU CRun on on
MCU CStop on Subsystem off
MPU mode MCU mode Platform mode Vddcore state Clocks state
CRun CRun Run On On
CStop CRun Run On On
CStandby CRun Run On On
CRun CStop Run On On
CStop/CStandby CStop Stop/LPLV-Stop/Standby On/Retention/Off Off/Off/Off

2.1 Wakeup sources[edit]

The above modes are left due to a wakeup event. It can be configured by setting the wakeup control feature of the IP and activating the corresponding EXTI on MCU side.

The following table gives the list of wakeup sources available in each mode.

Mode Available wakeup sources
CStop/CStandby/Stop BOR, PVD, AVD, Vbat mon, Temp mon, LSE CSS, RTC, TAMP, USB, CEC, ETH, USART, I²C, SPI, LPTIM, IWDG, GPIO, Wakeup pins
LPLV-Stop BOR, PVD, AVD, Vbat mon, Temp mon, LSE CSS, RTC, TAMP, IWDG, GPIO, Wakeup pins
Standby BOR, Vbat mon, Temp mon, LSE CSS, RTC, TAMP, IWDG, Wakeup pins

3 Software overview[edit]

The power HAL is used to select the Cortex-M4 low power mode. The MPU uses the Linux® RPMsg framework to communicate with the MCU.

Further information on HAL can be found here: STM32CubeMP1 architecture

3.1 APIs description[edit]

The power HAL supports the following APIs related to power management:

 HAL_PWR_EnterSLEEPMode: CSleep mode is entered
 HAL_PWR_EnterStopMode: CStop mode is entered allowing Stop as the deepest platform low power mode 
 HAL_PWR_EnterStandbyMode: CStop mode is entered allowing Standby as the deepest platform low power mode

3.2 Code source location[edit]

STM32CubeMP1 Package provides power HAL driver: