SDMMC internal peripheral

1 Article purpose[edit]

The purpose of this article is to

  • briefly introduce the SDMMC peripheral and its main features
  • indicate the level of security supported by this hardware block
  • explain how each instance can be allocated to the three runtime contexts and linked to the corresponding software components
  • explain, when necessary, how to configure the SDMMC peripheral.

2 Peripheral overview[edit]

The SDMMC peripheral is used to interconnect STM32 MPU to SD memory cards, SDIO and MMC devices.

2.1 Features[edit]

Refer to the STM32MP15 reference manuals for the complete list of features, and to the software components, introduced below, to see which features are implemented.

2.2 Security support[edit]

SDMMC1/2/3 instances are either non-secure or secure peripherals (under ETZPC control).

Warning.png
  • When an SDMMC instance is secure internal, the DMA cannot be used to perform data transfers.
  • STMicroelectronics does not provide secure MMC driver (see below chapter)

3 Peripheral usage and associated software[edit]

3.1 Boot time[edit]

SDMMC1/2 instances can be used to support memory boot on SD or MMC Flash devices.

The SDMMC3 is not used at boot time.

Info.png The SDMMC instances are ordered by address in the device tree arch/arm/boot/dts/stm32mp157c.dtsi file:
sdmmc3: sdmmc@48004000 {
...
sdmmc1: sdmmc@58005000 {
...
sdmmc2: sdmmc@58007000 {

By default, in OpenSTLinux distribution, sdmmc3 is disabled so the sdmmc1 (SD card on Evaluation boards and Discovery kits) and sdmmc2 (eMMC on Evaluation boards and Wifi on Discovery kits) are respectively aliased to mmc0 and mmc1.
If you enable sdmmc3, it will take the mmc0 alias and the aliases above will shift, so don't forget to update the Linux kernel boot command accordingly!
For instance, 'root=/dev/mmcblk0p6' will become 'root=/dev/mmcblk1p6' to mount the rootfs from the sdmmc1 (SD card) when sdmmc3 is enabled.

3.2 Runtime[edit]

3.2.1 Overview[edit]

SDMMC1/2/3 instances can be allocated to:

  • the Arm® Cortex®-A7 non-secure core to be controlled in Linux® by the MMC framework

or

Chapter #Peripheral assignment describes which peripheral instance can be assigned to which context.

3.2.2 Software frameworks[edit]

Domain Peripheral Software frameworks Comment
Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Mass storage SDMMC Linux MMC framework STM32Cube SDMMC driver

3.2.3 Peripheral configuration[edit]

The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context to which the peripheral is assigned. The configuration can be done alone via the STM32CubeMX tool for all internal peripherals, and then manually completed (particularly for external peripherals), according to the information given in the corresponding software framework article.

For Linux® kernel configuration, please refer to SDMMC device tree configuration.

3.2.4 Peripheral assignment[edit]

Internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned () to the given runtime context.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are statically connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to a runtime context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Mass storage SDMMC SDMMC1
SDMMC2
SDMMC3 Assignment (single choice)

4 How to go further[edit]

5 References[edit]




Microprocessor Unit

MultimediaCard

Direct Memory Access

SD memory card (https://www.sdcard.org) - NEW

former spelling for e•MMC ('e' in italic)

Open Portable Trusted Execution Environment

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