- Last edited 3 months ago ago
How to install JAVA JDK
The goal of this page is to describe the OpenJDK installation procedure on your STM32 MPU board and (native) desktop, in a STM32MP1 Distribution Package environment.
It is the "Open Standard Edition Java Development Kit" installation process. According to the OpenstLinux Weston software architecture, XWayland is used for all Java applications based on X11, which means AWT/SWING Java display/graphical applications.
By default the Java Development Kit is installed on the rootfs partition of the target.
1.1 Hardware prerequisites
- STM32MP157x-DKx Discovery kit or STM32MP157x-EV1 Evaluation board
- a keyboard and a mouse connected to the board
1.2 Software prerequisites
The STM32MP1 Distribution Package must be installed on your host. To do this, follow the procedure described in the STM32MP1 Distribution Package#Installing the OpenSTLinux distribution article.
The process has been verified with ecosystem release v2.0.0 of the OpenSTlinux distribution.
2 The yoctoproject meta-java
JAVA for Linux-based embedded systems is available as metadata in the Yocto project.
- Clone the following git repository into [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/layers
cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/layers git clone git://git.yoctoproject.org/meta-java
Depending on the Yocto release, select the right branch. (for example, branch dunfell for the ecosystem release v2.0.0 )
cd meta-java git checkout remotes/origin/dunfell
You can see the list of available Yocto branches with the following command:
cd meta-java git branch -a master remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master remotes/origin/dora remotes/origin/dunfell remotes/origin/g0hl1n/jdk14 remotes/origin/krogoth remotes/origin/master remotes/origin/master-next remotes/origin/morty remotes/origin/pyro remotes/origin/rocko remotes/origin/sumo remotes/origin/thud remotes/origin/warrior remotes/origin/zeus
- If not already done, set up your build environment
cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path] source layers/meta-st/scripts/envsetup.sh (Select for the DISTRO openstlinux-weston and for MACHINE stm32mp1)
- Add the meta layer in your Yocto environment
cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-openstlinuxweston-stm32mp1 bitbake-layers add-layer [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/layers/meta-java
- Define at least the following variables in your local.conf file
([your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-openstlinuxweston-stm32mp1/conf/local.conf) #Possible provider: cacao-initial-native and jamvm-initial-native PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-initial-native = "cacao-initial-native" #Possible provider: cacao-native and jamvm-native PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-native = "jamvm-native" #Optional since there is only one provider for now PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/javac-native = "ecj-bootstrap-native"
- Include in your image the openjdk-8 component
cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/meta-st/meta-st-openstlinux/recipes-st/images
- Edit the file st-image-weston.bb and add the following line under CORE_IMAGE_EXTRA_INSTALL
openjdk-8 \ openjdk-8-demo \
- Increase the Rootfs partition size
Update the file ([your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/ layers/meta-st/meta-st-stm32mp/conf/machine/include/st-machine-common-stm32mp.inc)
IMAGE_ROOTFS_MAXSIZE = "819200"
- Build the image
cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-openstlinuxweston-stm32mp1 bitbake st-image-weston
3 Compilation and execution of some JAVA demos
- forkjoin benchmark Java application
cd /usr/lib/jvm/openjdk-8/sample/forkjoin/mergesort javac MergeDemo.java java MergeDemo 200 100 3 1 1 3 Running with parameters: 200 100 3 1 1 3 Time in milliseconds. Y-axis: number of elements. X-axis parallelism used. 1 2 3 200: 10 7 8 300: 17 12 12 400: 20 14 14 Total: 47 33 34
- SampleTree Java application
Read the README.txt file for details. To execute in a Linux Weston console on the board, with a keyboard and a mouse.
cd /usr/lib/jvm/openjdk-8/demo/jfc/SampleTree java -jar SampleTree.jar