How to use TTY with User Terminal
- 1 Purpose
- 2 Print the file name of the terminal connected to standard input (with tty tool)
- 3 Change serial port configuration (with stty tool)
- 4 Send / Receive data (with stty, minicom, echo and cat tools)
- 5 Identify processes using a tty serial device (with fuser tool)
- 6 Link a tty serial device with a line discipline (with ldattach tool)
- 7 File transfer over serial console
- 8 References
This article describes how to use TTY with a user terminal. The TTY overview is described in Serial TTY overview article.
The use case of the following examples is a data transfer between a STM32 MPU board and PC, over a USB to a RS232 adapter cable.
The setup of this use case is described in details in the How to get Terminal article.
For the following examples:
- uart4 is activated by default (for the Linux console)
- usart3 is enabled by device tree
- The usart3 pins are connected to a RS232 card
- The RS232 card is connected to the PC over the USB to RS232 adapter cable.
Note: Some TTY tools are used in this article. A list of TTY tools is defined a dedicated article [TTY Tools ].
2 Print the file name of the terminal connected to standard input (with tty tool)
Board $> tty /dev/ttySTM0 /* the console is connected to uart4, aka ttySTM0 */
3 Change serial port configuration (with stty tool)
Many serial port properties can be displayed and changed with the stty tool. The full feature list is available in stty user manual pages  .
Board $> stty --help
- Display the current configuration:
Board $> stty -a -F /dev/ttySTM1 /* display the configuration of uart3 aka ttySTM1*/ speed 115200 baud; rows 45; columns 169; line = 0;
- Display only the current baud rate:
Board $> stty -F /dev/ttySTM1 speed 115200 /* uart3 aka ttySTM1 baud rate is set to 115200 bps */
- Change the baud rate:
stty -F /dev/ttySTMx EXPECTED_BAUDRATE
Example: change the baud rate to 19200
Board $> stty -F /dev/ttySTM1 19200 /* uart3 aka ttySTM1 baud rate has been changed to 19200 bps */
The stty tool proposes many arguments allowing many operations on a tty terminal, such as:
- special settings (various arguments such as speed, line discipline, minimum number of characters for a completed read, size, timeout, etc...)
- control settings
- input settings
- output settings
- local settings
- combination settings
Note: If you want to go further, an interesting tutorial describes termios and stty .
4 Send / Receive data (with stty, minicom, echo and cat tools)
Sending data can be simply done by opening the device as a file and writing data to it:
- Configure a port on ttySTM1 (usart3)
Board $> stty -F /dev/ttySTM1 115200 -echo
- Open a port on ttySTM1 (usart3) to receive data
Board $> cat /dev/ttySTM1 &
- On the remote PC, identify the tty terminal associated to RS232 card connected on STM32MPU USART3 pins
PC $> ls /dev/ttyUSB* /dev/ttyUSB0
- Open a minicom terminal on the remote device connected on USART3 pins
PC $> minicom -D /dev/ttyUSB0
- Send data from remote PC to STM32MPU over USART3
PC $> echo "HELLO" > /dev/ttyUSB0
- send data from STM32MPU to remote PC over USART3
Board $> echo "HELLO" > /dev/ttySTM1
5 Identify processes using a tty serial device (with fuser tool)
Board $> fuser /dev/ttySTM0 395 691 3872 /* the process numbered 395, 691 and 3872 are using a tty serial device*/
6 Link a tty serial device with a line discipline (with ldattach tool)
Attach ttySTM1 with line discipline number n :
Board $> ldattach n /dev/ttySTM1
7 File transfer over serial console
Please see the dedicated article How to transfer a file over serial console.
also known as
terminal input output structure