SPDIFRX internal peripheral

Revision as of 12:52, 30 June 2023 by Registered User
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Applicable for STM32MP13x lines, STM32MP15x lines

1. Article purpose[edit source]

The purpose of this article is to:

  • briefly introduce the SPDIFRX peripheral and its main features,
  • indicate the peripheral instances assignment at boot time and their assignment at runtime (including whether instances can be allocated to secure contexts),
  • list the software frameworks and drivers managing the peripheral,
  • explain how to configure the peripheral.

2. Peripheral overview[edit source]

The SPDIFRX peripheral is designed to receive an S/PDIF flow compliant with IEC-60958 and IEC-61937. The SPDIFRX receiver provides two separated paths to retrieve the audio data and the user and channel information.

Refer to the STM32 MPU reference manuals for the complete list of features, and to the software frameworks and drivers, introduced below, to see which features are implemented.

3. Peripheral usage[edit source]

This chapter is applicable in the scope of the OpenSTLinux BSP running on the Arm® Cortex®-A processor(s), and the STM32CubeMPU Package running on the Arm® Cortex®-M processor.

3.1. Boot time assignment[edit source]

The SPDIFRX peripheral is not used at boot time.

3.2. Runtime assignment[edit source]

3.2.1. On STM32MP13x lines More info.png[edit source]

Click on the right to expand the legend...

STM32MP13 internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context.
  • means that the peripheral is assigned by default to the given runtime context and that the peripheral is mandatory for the STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context, but this configuration is not supported in STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are hardware connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to an execution context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possibilities might be described in STM32MP13 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Audio SPDIFRX SPDIFRX Assignment (single choice)

3.2.2. On STM32MP15x lines More info.png[edit source]

Click on the right to expand the legend...

STM32MP15 internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context.
  • means that the peripheral is assigned by default to the given runtime context and that the peripheral is mandatory for the STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • means that the peripheral can be assigned to the given runtime context, but this configuration is not supported in STM32 MPU Embedded Software distribution.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are hardware connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to an execution context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Audio SPDIFRX SPDIFRX Assignment (single choice)

4. Software frameworks and drivers[edit source]

Below are listed the software frameworks and drivers managing the SPDIFRX peripheral for the embedded software components listed in the above tables.

Warning white.png Warning
The SPDIFRX peripheral provides WFA (Wait For activity) feature, to start its synchronization process on a valid input signal. Nevertheless, this mechanism does not always protect against false activity detection, in case of noise on the S/PDIF input. On STM32MP15 evaluation board, when no signal is present on S/PDIF connector, the hardware amplification stage can introduce noise, leading to spurious synchronization error interrupts. The number of false activity detection can be decreased by tuning the amplification stage. For details refer to the "Receiving S/PDIF audio stream" application note [1].

5. How to assign and configure the peripheral[edit source]

The peripheral assignment can be done via the STM32CubeMX graphical tool (and manually completed if needed).
This tool also helps to configure the peripheral:

  • partial device trees (pin control and clock tree) generation for the OpenSTLinux software components,
  • HAL initialization code generation for the STM32CubeMPU Package.

The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context in which the peripheral is assigned.

When the Arm® Cortex®-A7 core operates in non-secure access mode, the SPDIFRX is controlled by the Linux kernel framework. Refer to the SPDIFRX Linux driver to drive the SPDIFRX through Linux kernel ALSA framework. Refer to Soundcard configuration and SPDIFRX device tree configuration to configure the SPDIFRX through Linux kernel Device tree.

6. How to go further[edit source]

The STM32H7 SPDIFRX training [2], introduces the STM32 S/PDIF Receiver interface on the STM32H7. This training also applies to the STM32 MPU SPDIFRX internal peripheral.

The "Receiving S/PDIF audio stream" application note [1] describes electrical interfaces to properly connect the S/PDIF stream generated by an external device to the SPDIFRX peripheralv, for STM32F4/F7/H7 series. This application note also applies to the STM32 MPU SPDIFRX internal peripheral.

7. References[edit source]