Blktrace





1 Article purpose

This article provides the basic information needed to start using the Linux® tool: blktrace[1] (block tracer).

2 Introduction

The following table provides a brief description of the tool, as well as its availability depending on the software packages:

Yes: this tool is either present (ready to use or to be activated), or can be integrated and activated on the software package.

No: this tool is not present and cannot be integrated, or it is present but cannot be activated on the software package.

Tool STM32MPU Embedded Software distribution STM32MPU Embedded Software distribution for Android™
Name Category Purpose Starter Package Developer Package Distribution Package Starter Package Developer Package Distribution Package
blktrace Tracing tools blktrace[1] generates traces of the I/O traffic on block devices (SD card, USB, eMMC...) No Yes Yes
Under construction.png Coming soon

The blktrace tool is composed of three main components:

  • a kernel
  • a utility to record the I/O trace information from the kernel on the user space
  • utilities to analyze and view the trace information.

blkparse[2] is also associated to blktrace. It takes the raw output from the blktrace utility and converts it to a nicely formatted and easy-to-read form.

3 Installing the trace and debug tool on your target board

It consists of placing the blktrace binary in the rootfs, and modifying Linux® kernel configuration.

In order to use blktrace, the Linux® kernel configuration must activate CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE using the Linux® kernel Menuconfig tool (Menuconfig or how to configure kernel):

Symbol: BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE
Location:
  Kernel Hacking --->
    [*] Tracers --->
      [*] Support for tracing block I/O actions

3.1 Using the STM32MPU Embedded Software distribution

blktrace binary is available by default in all STM32MPU Embedded Software Packages:

Board $> which blktrace
/usr/bin/blktrace

It is integrated in weston image distribution through openembedded-core package: openembedded-core/meta/recipes-core/packagegroups/packagegroup-core-tools-profile.bb.

RRECOMMENDS_${PN} = "\
   ${PERF} \
   trace-cmd \
   blktrace \
   ${PROFILE_TOOLS_X} \
   ${PROFILE_TOOLS_SYSTEMD} \
   "

3.1.1 Starter Package

Not applicable as Linux® kernel configuration cannot be updated.

3.1.2 Developer Package

To enable CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE in Linux® kernel configuration, please refer to the Menuconfig or how to configure kernel. This article provides instructions for modifying the configuration and recompiling Linux® kernel image in the Developer Package context.

3.1.3 Distribution Package

To enable CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE in Linux® kernel configuration, please refer to the Menuconfig or how to configure kernel. This article provides instructions for modifying the configuration and recompiling Linux® kernel image in the Distribution Package context.

3.2 Using the STM32MPU Embedded software for Android™

Under construction.png Coming soon

4 Getting started

To start with blktrace, trace I/O traffic on a mounted block device, that is /usr/local:

Board $> mount | grep mmcblk
/dev/mmcblk0p5 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/mmcblk0p4 on /boot type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/mmcblk0p6 on /usr/local type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
  • Launch blktrace tool in background:
Board $> blktrace -d /dev/mmcblk0p6 &
  • Read /usr/local content:
Board $> ls -la /usr/local
  • Put blktrace activity in foreground and then stop it by pressing Ctrl+C:
Board $> fg
blktrace -d /dev/mmcblk0p6
Board $> <Ctrl-C>
^C=== mmcblk0p6 ===
 CPU  0:                   98 events,        5 KiB data
 CPU  1:                   79 events,        4 KiB data
 Total:                   177 events (dropped 0),        9 KiB data

For detailed guidelines on blktrace usage, refer to the man page [1] or to the help information:

Board $> blktrace --help
Usage: blktrace 

-d <dev>             | --dev=<dev>
[ -r <debugfs path>  | --relay=<debugfs path> ]
[ -o <file>          | --output=<file>]
[ -D <dir>           | --output-dir=<dir>
[ -w 

To get started with blktrace, you can also refer to the Yocto Project wiki page for blktrace[3], which provides additional details as well as an example.

5 To go further

5.1 blkparse usage

In addition to displaying information for the user on the console, blktrace also creates trace files (one per CPU), which can be viewed using blkparse. These files are stored under the current path directory.

Board $> blkparse mmcblk0p6
Input file mmcblk0p6.blktrace.0 added
Input file mmcblk0p6.blktrace.1 added
179,6    0        1     0.000000000    99  P   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
179,6    0        0     0.000337792     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     0.000344292     0  m   N cfq99SN add_to_rr
179,6    0        0     0.000366250     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     0.000374792     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     0.000382458     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     0.000390167     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    0        2     0.000396625    99  U   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-] 5
179,6    0        0     0.000452542     0  m   N cfq workload slice:150000000
179,6    0        0     0.000460750     0  m   N cfq99SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
179,6    0        0     0.000469083     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    0        0     0.000478500     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    0        0     0.000484583     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=1
179,6    0        0     0.000747292     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    0        0     0.000755042     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    0        0     0.000759708     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    0        0     0.004197583     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    0        0     0.004206958     0  m   N cfq99SN set_slice=120000000
179,6    0        0     0.004231917     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    0        0     0.004239208     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    0        0     0.004243958     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    0        0     0.006287958     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    0        0     0.006305208     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    0        0     0.006310542     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    0        0     0.006315417     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    0        0     0.008340833     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    0        0     0.008359000     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    0        0     0.008365083     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    0        0     0.008370000     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    0        0     0.011504375     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    0        0     0.014671667     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     0.014727458     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    0        0     0.014731250     0  m   N cfq schedule dispatch
179,6    0        0     0.014808000     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    0        0     0.014813875     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    0        0     0.014819958     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=1
179,6    0        0     0.017068708     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    0        0     0.017078375     0  m   N cfq schedule dispatch
179,0    0        3     5.759777419   193  A  WS 1706892 + 2 <- (179,6) 32778
179,6    0        4     5.759784878   193  Q  WS 1706892 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0        5     5.759849336   193  G  WS 1706892 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0        6     5.759854253   193  P   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    1        1     5.759855044    99  P   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
179,0    0        7     5.759887628   193  A  WS 1706894 + 2 <- (179,6) 32780
179,6    0        8     5.759893919   193  Q  WS 1706894 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0        9     5.759947753   193  G  WS 1706894 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    1        0     5.759975503     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    1        0     5.759990336     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    1        2     5.759999253    99  U   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-] 2
179,6    0       10     5.760024669   193  I  WS 1706892 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0        0     5.760035461     0  m   N cfq193SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     5.760041711     0  m   N cfq193SN add_to_rr
179,6    0        0     5.760053169     0  m   N cfq193SN preempt
179,6    0        0     5.760059253     0  m   N cfq99SN slice expired t=1
179,6    0        0     5.760066503     0  m   N cfq99SN resid=-5635859836
179,6    0        0     5.760081503     0  m   N cfq99SN sl_used=120000000 disp=6 charge=120000000 iops=0 sect=12
179,6    0       11     5.760087294   193  I  WS 1706894 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0        0     5.760091586     0  m   N cfq193SN insert_request
179,6    0       12     5.760096294   193  U   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-] 2
179,6    1        0     5.760111211     0  m   N cfq workload slice:300000000
179,6    1        0     5.760118086     0  m   N cfq193SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
179,6    1        0     5.760125669     0  m   N cfq193SN dispatch_insert
179,6    1        0     5.760133128     0  m   N cfq193SN dispatched a request
179,6    1        0     5.760137711     0  m   N cfq193SN activate rq, drv=1
179,6    1        3     5.760145253    80  D  WS 1706892 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
179,6    1        0     5.760393003     0  m   N cfq193SN dispatch_insert
179,6    1        0     5.760399961     0  m   N cfq193SN dispatched a request
179,6    1        0     5.760404128     0  m   N cfq193SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    1        4     5.760408211    80  D  WS 1706894 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
179,6    1        5     5.764367836    80  C  WS 1706892 + 2 [0]
179,6    1        0     5.764403128     0  m   N cfq193SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    1        0     5.764412461     0  m   N cfq193SN set_slice=120000000
179,6    1        0     5.764439169     0  m   N cfq193SN slice expired t=0
179,6    1        0     5.764450253     0  m   N cfq193SN sl_used=33750 disp=2 charge=33750 iops=0 sect=4
179,6    1        0     5.764456836     0  m   N cfq193SN del_from_rr
179,6    1        0     5.764464711     0  m   N cfq99SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
179,6    1        0     5.764470211     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    1        0     5.764475669     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    1        0     5.764479378     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    1        6     5.767516794    80  C  WS 1706894 + 2 [0]
179,6    1        0     5.767546961     0  m   N cfq193SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    1        0     5.767564836     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    1        0     5.767571086     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    1        0     5.767575628     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,0    0       13     5.767654378   193  A FWFS 1706896 + 2 <- (179,6) 32782
179,6    0       14     5.767662669   193  Q  WS 1706896 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0       15     5.767726461   193  G  WS 1706896 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0       16     5.767734169   193  I  WS 1706896 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
179,6    0        0     5.767744003     0  m   N cfq193SN insert_request
179,6    0        0     5.767750253     0  m   N cfq193SN add_to_rr
179,6    0        0     5.767760628     0  m   N cfq193SN preempt
179,6    0        0     5.767764336     0  m   N cfq99SN slice expired t=1
179,6    0        0     5.767770044     0  m   N cfq99SN resid=120000000
179,6    0        0     5.767781378     0  m   N cfq99SN sl_used=10000000 disp=2 charge=10000000 iops=0 sect=4
179,6    0        0     5.767784378     0  m   N cfq99SN del_from_rr
179,6    1        0     5.772038836     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    1        0     5.772064253     0  m   N cfq193SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
179,6    1        0     5.772070878     0  m   N cfq193SN dispatch_insert
179,6    1        0     5.772077044     0  m   N cfq193SN dispatched a request
179,6    1        0     5.772081878     0  m   N cfq193SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    1        7     5.772085086    80  D  WS 1706896 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
179,6    1        0     5.774473336     0  m   N cfq99SN insert_request
179,6    1        0     5.774481419     0  m   N cfq99SN add_to_rr
179,6    1        0     5.774490461     0  m   N cfq99SN preempt
179,6    1        0     5.774496211     0  m   N cfq193SN slice expired t=1
179,6    1        0     5.774502586     0  m   N cfq193SN resid=120000000
179,6    1        0     5.774515044     0  m   N cfq193SN sl_used=10000000 disp=1 charge=10000000 iops=0 sect=2
179,6    1        0     5.774519128     0  m   N cfq193SN del_from_rr
179,6    1        0     5.774558711     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    1        0     5.774577211     0  m   N cfq99SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
179,6    1        0     5.774583919     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatch_insert
179,6    1        0     5.774590253     0  m   N cfq99SN dispatched a request
179,6    1        0     5.774595086     0  m   N cfq99SN activate rq, drv=2
179,6    1        8     5.777926544    80  C  WS 1706896 + 2 [0]
179,6    1        0     5.777956461     0  m   N cfq193SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    1        0     5.782932794     0  m   N cfq99SN complete rqnoidle 1
179,6    1        0     5.782943419     0  m   N cfq99SN set_slice=120000000
179,6    1        0     5.782949919     0  m   N cfq schedule dispatch
CPU0 (mmcblk0p6):
 Reads Queued:           0,        0KiB	 Writes Queued:           3,        3KiB
 Read Dispatches:        0,        0KiB	 Write Dispatches:        0,        0KiB
 Reads Requeued:         0		 Writes Requeued:         0
 Reads Completed:        0,        0KiB	 Writes Completed:        0,        0KiB
 Read Merges:            0,        0KiB	 Write Merges:            0,        0KiB
 Read depth:             0        	 Write depth:             2
 IO unplugs:             2        	 Timer unplugs:           0
CPU1 (mmcblk0p6):
 Reads Queued:           0,        0KiB	 Writes Queued:           0,        0KiB
 Read Dispatches:        0,        0KiB	 Write Dispatches:        3,        3KiB
 Reads Requeued:         0		 Writes Requeued:         0
 Reads Completed:        0,        0KiB	 Writes Completed:        3,        3KiB
 Read Merges:            0,        0KiB	 Write Merges:            0,        0KiB
 Read depth:             0        	 Write depth:             2
 IO unplugs:             1        	 Timer unplugs:           0

Total (mmcblk0p6):
 Reads Queued:           0,        0KiB	 Writes Queued:           3,        3KiB
 Read Dispatches:        0,        0KiB	 Write Dispatches:        3,        3KiB
 Reads Requeued:         0		 Writes Requeued:         0
 Reads Completed:        0,        0KiB	 Writes Completed:        3,        3KiB
 Read Merges:            0,        0KiB	 Write Merges:            0,        0KiB
 IO unplugs:             3        	 Timer unplugs:           0

Throughput (R/W): 0KiB/s / 0KiB/s
Events (mmcblk0p6): 118 entries
Skips: 0 forward (0 -   0.0%)

5.2 ftrace usage

As soon as the Linux® kernel configuration CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE is active, the block layer action can be traced by using ftrace:

  • In this case, only the "blk" tracer may be configured for ftrace, as shown by the results of the following command:
Board $> mount -t tracefs nodev /sys/kernel/tracing
Board $> cat /sys/kernel/tracing/available_tracers
blk nop
  • To get more ftrace tracers (e.g. "function"), additional Linux® kernel configuration options must be activated through the Distribution Package, as explained in the ftrace article.


By taking previous example on /usr/local read content (mount point to mcblk0p6):

Board $> echo 1 > /sys/block/mmcblk0/mmcblk0p6/trace/enable
Board $> echo blk > /sys/kernel/tracing/current_tracer
Board $> ls -la /usr/local
Board $> cat /sys/kernel/tracing/trace_pipe
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.412943: 179,0    A  WS 415902 + 2 <- (179,5) 278652
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.412943: 179,0    A  WS 1706892 + 2 <- (179,6) 32778
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.412974: 179,0    Q  WS 415902 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.412987: 179,0    Q  WS 1706892 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413012: 179,0    G  WS 415902 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413012: 179,0    G  WS 1706892 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413018: 179,0    P   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413019: 179,0    P   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413034: 179,0    A  WS 415904 + 2 <- (179,5) 278654
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413034: 179,0    A  WS 1706894 + 2 <- (179,6) 32780
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413040: 179,0    Q  WS 415904 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413040: 179,0    Q  WS 1706894 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413054: 179,0    G  WS 415904 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413056: 179,0    G  WS 1706894 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...2   100.413071: 179,0    I  WS 1706892 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413092: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN insert_request
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...2   100.413104: 179,0    I  WS 1706894 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.413111: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN insert_request
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...2   100.413118: 179,0    U   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-] 2
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...2   100.413135: 179,0    I  WS 415902 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413144: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN insert_request
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413151: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN add_to_rr
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413162: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN preempt
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413168: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN slice expired t=1
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413176: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN resid=-32494149849
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413191: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN sl_used=120000000 disp=1 charge=120000000 iops=0 sect=2
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...2   100.413199: 179,0    I  WS 415904 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.413205: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN insert_request
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...2   100.413211: 179,0    U   N [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-] 2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413224: 179,0    m   N cfq workload slice:200000000
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413232: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413241: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413250: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413256: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN activate rq, drv=1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   100.413261: 179,0    D  WS 415902 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413515: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413524: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.413530: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN activate rq, drv=2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   100.413534: 179,0    D  WS 415904 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417441: 179,0    C  WS 415902 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417482: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN complete rqnoidle 1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417494: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN set_slice=120000000
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417526: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN slice expired t=0
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417539: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN sl_used=40584 disp=2 charge=40584 iops=0 sect=4
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417545: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN del_from_rr
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417555: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417561: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417569: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.417575: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN activate rq, drv=2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   100.417579: 179,0    D  WS 1706892 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.419353: 179,0    C  WS 415904 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.419380: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN complete rqnoidle 1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.419393: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.419400: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.419405: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN activate rq, drv=2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   100.419409: 179,0    D  WS 1706894 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419431: 179,0    A FWFS 415906 + 2 <- (179,5) 278656
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419440: 179,0    Q  WS 415906 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419465: 179,0    G  WS 415906 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...2   100.419475: 179,0    I  WS 415906 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p5-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419484: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN insert_request
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419491: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN add_to_rr
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419502: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN preempt
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419507: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN slice expired t=1
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419514: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN resid=120000000
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419526: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN sl_used=10000000 disp=2 charge=10000000 iops=0 sect=4
 jbd2/mmcblk0p5--97    [001] ...1   100.419530: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN del_from_rr
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.424339: 179,0    C  WS 1706892 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.424367: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN complete rqnoidle 1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.424388: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.424396: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.424404: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.424409: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN activate rq, drv=2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   100.424413: 179,0    D  WS 415906 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.427349: 179,0    C  WS 1706894 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.427382: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN complete rqnoidle 1
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427441: 179,0    A FWFS 1706896 + 2 <- (179,6) 32782
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427458: 179,0    Q  WS 1706896 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427482: 179,0    G  WS 1706896 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...2   100.427492: 179,0    I  WS 1706896 + 2 [jbd2/mmcblk0p6-]
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427499: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN insert_request
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427505: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN add_to_rr
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427516: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN preempt
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427521: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN slice expired t=1
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427528: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN resid=120000000
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427545: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN sl_used=10000000 disp=1 charge=10000000 iops=0 sect=2
 jbd2/mmcblk0p6--196   [000] ...1   100.427550: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN del_from_rr
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.427598: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.427605: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.427612: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.427618: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN activate rq, drv=2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   100.427622: 179,0    D  WS 1706896 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.431133: 179,0    C  WS 415906 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.431164: 179,0    m   N cfq97SN complete rqnoidle 1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.434921: 179,0    C  WS 1706896 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.434951: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN complete rqnoidle 1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.434962: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN set_slice=120000000
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   100.434969: 179,0    m   N cfq schedule dispatch
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.612916: 179,0    A  WM 137922 + 2 <- (179,5) 672
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.612949: 179,0    Q  WM 137922 + 2 [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613001: 179,0    G  WM 137922 + 2 [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613012: 179,0    P   N [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613071: 179,0    A  WM 1674662 + 2 <- (179,6) 548
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613077: 179,0    Q  WM 1674662 + 2 [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613093: 179,0    G  WM 1674662 + 2 [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...2   101.613119: 179,0    I  WM 137922 + 2 [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613131: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  insert_request
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613139: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  add_to_rr
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613152: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  preempt
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613157: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN slice expired t=1
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613164: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN resid=-1058203000
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613179: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN sl_used=120000000 disp=1 charge=120000000 iops=0 sect=2
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613185: 179,0    m   N cfq196SN del_from_rr
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...2   101.613198: 179,0    I  WM 1674662 + 2 [kworker/u4:1]
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...1   101.613206: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  insert_request
    kworker/u4:1-65    [001] ...2   101.613214: 179,0    U   N [kworker/u4:1] 2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613238: 179,0    m   N cfq workload slice:40000000
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613248: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:0
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613258: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613267: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613274: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  activate rq, drv=1
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   101.613280: 179,0    D  WM 1674662 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613511: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  dispatch_insert
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613520: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  dispatched a request
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.613525: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  activate rq, drv=2
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...2   101.613529: 179,0    D  WM 137922 + 2 [mmcqd/0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.618520: 179,0    C  WM 1674662 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.618576: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  complete rqnoidle 0
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.618586: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  set_slice=40000000
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.623185: 179,0    C  WM 137922 + 2 [0]
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.623215: 179,0    m   N cfq200A  complete rqnoidle 0
         mmcqd/0-80    [000] ...1   101.623221: 179,0    m   N cfq schedule dispatch
 

6 References


  • Useful external links
Document link Document Type Description
blktrace tool source code including userspace tool Sources blktrace sources git
blktrace Presentation Presentation Presentation by Alan D. Brunelle

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