STM32 MC Motor Pilot - Start-up guide

Revision as of 17:08, 19 January 2022 by Souade Mendjeli (talk | contribs)
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Based on STM32 MC Motor Pilot 5.Y.2 V0.9.7 (included in STM32 MC-SDK 5.Y.2).

1 Overview of the STM32 MC motor-pilot tool

STM32 MC Motor Pilot is a monitoring tool for STM32 motor-control applications that:

  • connects to MC applications built with the UI module through the serial port
  • uses the same protocol as the current monitor
  • allows for controlling, monitoring, and tuning MC applications
  • replaces in the future the monitor part of STM32 MC workbench
    • current available version is an already usable preview
STM32 MC MotorPilot slide3.png

STM32 MC Motor Pilot added values are:

  • enhanced plotting feature: the user can now plot most registers
  • the user can easily customize GUI at run time
    • to fit specific needs or to experiment with new firmware features
  • solid foundation to support future firmware features
    • ACIM, 6-Step, sensor-less zero speed, enhanced debug features
  • runs on all three MCD target platforms: Windows, Mac, and Linux

2 STM32 MC motor-pilot quick guide

2.1 Installation and run

STM32 MC Motor Pilot is now automatically installed with STM32 MC SDK.

A shortcut is now created in Windows menus to run it.

2.2 Quick start-up

2.2.1 Quick step 1

  1. MotorPilot:
    • starts unconnected
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide6 1.png
    • lists available serial ports
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide6 2.png
    • displays the default UI
  2. Connect a Motor Pilot board to the PC.
  3. Click on Connect.
STM32 MC MotorPilot slide6 3.png

2.2.2 Quick step 2

  1. When MotorPilot is connected, it:
    • displays version of embedded firmware
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide7 1.png
    • retrieves importants parameters for motor control form the board and adjust the GUI with theses informations
    • starts to monitor parameters needed by the GUI
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide7 3.png
  2. Spin the motor:
    • Click on the Start button.
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide7 2.png
  3. Motors starts and the pilot updates the GUI.
    STM32 MC MotorPilot slide7 4.png

2.2.3 Quick step 3

  1. Control the motor:
    • Slide the knob to set the speed
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide8 1.png
    • Set Target Speed, Duration and click to apply a ramp
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide8 2.png
STM32 MC MotorPilot slide8 3.png
  • Click Stop Ramp to stop it before end
    STM32 MC MotorPilot slide9 1.png
  • Click Stop to stop spinning the motor
    STM32 MC MotorPilot slide9 2.png
STM32 MC MotorPilot slide9 3.png

3 MC application parameters

STM32 MC Motor Pilot gets MC application parameters from the board and adapts widgets to them.

4 MC application advanced settings

4.1 Speed PID, Toque PID, Flux PID and Flux reference

  1. Click Advanced Configuration:
    • displays additional panel with more settings
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide11.png
  2. As in the current monitor, customizes:
    • Speed PID
    • Toque PID
    • Flux PID
    • Set Flux reference

4.2 State Observer, PLL parameters, CORDIC parameters and DAC settings

  1. Click Advanced Configuration
    • Displays additional panel with more settings
  2. As in the current monitor, customizes:
    • State Observer + PLL parameters
    • State Observer + CORDIC parameters
  1. if DAC is available on your board you can select which register you want to output on it

4.3 Handling errors

4.3.1 Control Board disconnection

Board freeze due to firmware critical error or breakpoint trigger:

  • Resume execution or reset the board, and the connection resumes.
STM32 MC MotorPilot Connect ERROR.png

4.3.2 Firmware errors

  • As with the current monitor, current and past errors are indicated.
  • Clicking the Ack Faults button has no effect in the FAULT_NOW state
STM32 MC MotorPilot FAULT NOW.png

  • Wait for the fault conditions to vanish to enter the FAULT_OVER state
STM32 MC MotorPilot FAULT OVER.png
  • Then click on Ack Faults to go back to IDLE
STM32 MC MotorPilot FAULT ACK.png

4.4 Viewing and plotting registers with low-speed plotting

With this method of plot, any register can be plot but at low rate (polling every 200 ms by default)

  1. Clicking the Registers tab displays the list of all registers (see (1) on the following figure)
    STM32 Motor Pilot - new picture.png
  2. Click a "Click to Plot" button (see (2) on the figure)
    • Opens a plot window the first time
    • Lets the user decide where to plot the other times (see (3) on the figure)
      STM32 MC MotorPilot slide16 2.png
    • Lets the user choose to stop showing the already pointed register (see (4) on the figure).

4.5 Viewing and plotting registers with high-speed plotting

With this method of plot, only a subset of registers can be plot at PWM frequency rate

  • Once the motor is connected (and motor started)
  • Click on the "Plot" button
STM32 MC MotorPilot plot button.png
  • A "High Frequency Plot" window opens:
STM32 MC Motor Pilot plot1.png
  • Click again to open more plot windows
  • Resize these windows to optimize the display of plots on your desktop
  • Right-click to select the register you want to plot:
STM32 MC Motor Pilot plot2.png
  • Click again to plot more registers:
STM32 MC Motor Pilot plot3.png
  • The data display width is defined by adjusting the buffer size (change buffering to display more data):
STM32 MC Motor Pilot plot4.png
  • When displaying 2 registers, you can switch to the X / Y plot:
STM32 MC Motor Pilot plot5.png
  • Dynamic plot display can be paused and resumed as desired.
  • Each register plot can be hidden or displayed by double-clicking on the register name in the plot legend (then when the register plot is hidden, the corresponding register name is strikethrough).
STM32 MC Motor Pilot plot6.png

4.6 Rev-up configuration

  • Click on "Rev-up" button and then the application panel is replaced by rev-up configuration panel.
STM32 MC Motor Pilot revup.png
  • This panel allows to set up to 5 rev-up steps by direct edit in the corresponding table for which a step rev-up duration, a final torque value and a final speed value are defined. (use the same values to have less steps).

4.7 UI is changeable at run-time

  • Click on menu item File => Load
    • Search for a .qml file and open it.
    • For instance, GUI\PositionControlApp.qml found in the release.
  • This loads a new GUI with other features
    • In the case of PositionControlApp.qml, a position control enabled monitoring application.
STM32 MC MotorPilot slide19.png
  • Users are able to change the UI by copying an existing ".qml" file and editing it.