How to install JAVA JDK

The goal of this page is to describe the OpenJDK installation procedure on your STM32 MPU board and (native) desktop, in a Distribution Package environment. It is the "Open Standard Edition Java Development Kit" installation process. According to the OpenstLinux Weston software architecture, XWayland is used for all Java applications based on X11, which means AWT/SWING Java display/graphical applications. By default the Java Development Kit is installed on the rootfs partition of the target.

1 Prerequisites[edit]

1.1 Hardware prerequisites[edit]

  • STM32MP157x-DKx Discovery kit More info green.png Or aSTM32MP157x-EV1 Evaluation board More info green.png
  • a keyboard and a mouse connected to the board

1.2 Software prerequisites[edit]

The STM32MP1 Distribution Package must be installed on your host. To do this, follow the procedure described in the Install the STM32MP1 OpenSTLinux distribution article.

Info white.png Information
The Host OS Ubuntu release 18.04 and next is required

2 The yoctoproject meta-java[edit]

JAVA for Linux-based embedded systems is available as metadata in the Yocto project.

  • Clone the following git repository into [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/layers
cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/layers
git clone git://

Depending on the Yocto release, select the right branch. (for example, branch dunfell for the ecosystem release v2.0.0 More info.png )

Info white.png Information
The last commit tested is cf9604a4789801d9dfb0cb8ca134ff04b42ae161 : openjdk-8: remove -Werror
cd meta-java
git checkout  remotes/origin/dunfell 

You can see the list of available Yocto branches with the following command:

cd meta-java
git branch -a

 remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  • If not already done, set up your build environment
 cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]
 source layers/meta-st/scripts/
(Select for the DISTRO openstlinux-weston and for MACHINE stm32mp1)
  • Add the meta layer in your Yocto environment
 cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-openstlinuxweston-stm32mp1
 bitbake-layers add-layer [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/meta-st/meta-java
  • Define at least the following variables in your local.conf file
([your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-openstlinuxweston-stm32mp1/conf/local.conf)

#Possible provider: cacao-initial-native and jamvm-initial-native
PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-initial-native = "cacao-initial-native"

#Possible provider: cacao-native and jamvm-native
PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-native = "jamvm-native"

#Optional since there is only one provider for now
PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/javac-native = "ecj-bootstrap-native"

  • Include in your image the openjdk-8 component
 cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/meta-st/meta-st-openstlinux/recipes-st/images

  • Edit the file and add the following line under CORE_IMAGE_EXTRA_INSTALL
  openjdk-8 \
  openjdk-8-demo \
  • Build the image
 cd [your STM32MP1 Distribution path]/build-openstlinuxweston-stm32mp1
 bitbake st-image-weston

3 Compilation and execution of some JAVA demos[edit]

  • forkjoin benchmark Java application
 cd /usr/lib/jvm/openjdk-8/sample/forkjoin/mergesort
 java MergeDemo 200 100 3 1 1 3
Running with parameters: 200 100 3 1 1 3
Time in milliseconds. Y-axis: number of elements. X-axis parallelism used.
            1    2    3
    200:   10    7    8
    300:   17   12   12
    400:   20   14   14
  Total:   47   33   34
  • SampleTree Java application

Read the README.txt file for details. To execute in a Linux Weston console on the board, with a keyboard and a mouse.

 cd /usr/lib/jvm/openjdk-8/demo/jfc/SampleTree
 java -jar SampleTree.jar