Step4 Sensors usage

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Sensors usage with B-L475E-IOT01AClock.png60min

Target description
The purpose of this tutorial is to explain how to perform measurements with sensors available in the STM32L4 Discovery kit. Configuration of the temperature sensor is described step by step.
After this tutorial, you will be able to collect values using the sensors available on B-L475E-IOT01A board.
The appendix of this tutorial provides guidelines on how to port an AC6 example to STM32CubeIDE.

Prerequisites
You have gone through:

Hardware

  • STM32L4 Discovery kit IoT node[1] (B-L475E-IOT01A )
  • USB cable Type-A to Micro-B

Literature


1 Sensors usage with B-L475E-IOT01A

1.1 Hardware description

The main sensors available in the STM32L4 Discovery kit IoT node (B-L475E-IOT01A) are:

  • Capacitive digital sensor for relative humidity and temperature (HTS221)
  • 260-1260 hPa absolute digital output barometer (LPS22HB)
  • 3D accelerometer and 3D gyroscope (LSM6DSL)
  • High-performance 3-axis magnetometer (LIS3MDL).

IoTNode Board Sensor.png

1.2 Example: Get temperature values using the HTS221 sensor and display them on a terminal

The purpose of this section is to explain step by step how to interface with the HTS221 sensor to get temperature values and display them on a terminal.

1.2.1 Create a working project with STM32CubeMX

The starting point is the project generated with STM32CubeMX described in the Step3 tutorial titled Introduction to the UART I/F on B-L475E-IOT01A.
Follow the steps described there and call the generated project L4_IOT_Sensors.

1.2.2 Copy BSP drivers to your project

The BSP (board support package) drivers are available in the STM32CubeL4 package. This provides APIs corresponding to the hardware components of a board. The last version of the STM32CubeL4 package is downloaded by default in the STM32CubeMX repository (C:\Users\user_name\STM32Cube\Repository\STM32Cube_FW_L4_Vx.xx.x).
BSP location and content in the tree:
Folder tree.png

Info white.png Information
STM32CubeL4 used version is 1.11.0, but it can increase over time.

Here are the steps to follow in order to copy the BSP drivers into your project:

  • Copy the STM32CubeL4/Drivers/BSP/B-L475E-IOT01 folder
  • In the generated project, create a folder L4_IOT_Sensors/Drivers/BSP. Paste the copied folder there.
  • Copy the STM32CubeL4/Drivers/BSP/Components folder. Paste it under L4_IOT_Sensors/Drivers/BSP/Components.
  • Optional cleanup of working directory: as only the HTS221 temperature sensor is used, some other files and folders already copied to the working directory may be removed
    • Under L4_IOT_Sensors\Drivers\BSP\B-L475E-IOT01, keep only the following files:
      Folder tree 2.png
    • Under L4_IOT_Sensors\Drivers\BSP\Components, keep only the following folders:
      Folder tree 3.png

1.2.3 Support BSP in STM32CubeIDE workspace

After being copied, the added folders appear automatically in the STM32CubeIDE workspace:
Folder tree 4.png

1.2.4 Update include paths

Update the paths to support new header files:

  • Select the relevant project from the Project Explorer perspective:

Project select.png

  • From Project menu or File menu, go to Properties > C/C++ Build > Settings > Tool Settings > MCU GCC Compiler > Include paths
  • Click on Add icon.png to include the new paths
  • Add ../Drivers/BSP/B-L475E-IOT01 and ../Drivers/BSP/Components/hts221 paths

The following screenshot summarizes the steps to follow:
Project setting.png

1.2.5 Update source files

The only file to modify is main.c, as follows:

  • Include the header files: stm32l475e_iot01.h, stm32l475e_iot01_tsensor.h and math.h
/* USER CODE BEGIN Includes */<br>
#include "stm32l475e_iot01.h"
#include "stm32l475e_iot01_tsensor.h"
#include <math.h>
/* USER CODE END Includes */
  • Add private values to use for temperature values and displayed messages on the terminal:
/* USER CODE BEGIN PV */
/* Private variables -------------------------------------------------------*/
float temp_value = 0;  // Measured temperature value
char str_tmp[100] = ""; // Formatted message to display the temperature value
uint8_t msg1[] = "****** Temperature values measurement ******\n\n\r";
uint8_t msg2[] = "=====> Initialize Temperature sensor HTS221 \r\n";
uint8_t msg3[] = "=====> Temperature sensor HTS221 initialized \r\n ";
/* USER CODE END PV */
  • Display messages on the terminal and initialize the HTS221 temperature sensor:
/* USER CODE BEGIN 2 */
HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,msg1,sizeof(msg1),1000);
HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,msg2,sizeof(msg2),1000);
BSP_TSENSOR_Init();
HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,msg3,sizeof(msg3),1000);
/* USER CODE END 2 *//
  • In the while (1) loop, read the temperature value, format it, and then display the message with the measured value on the terminal:
/* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
temp_value = BSP_TSENSOR_ReadTemp();
int tmpInt1 = temp_value;
float tmpFrac = temp_value - tmpInt1;
int tmpInt2 = trunc(tmpFrac * 100);
snprintf(str_tmp,100," TEMPERATURE = %d.%02d\n\r", tmpInt1, tmpInt2);
HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,( uint8_t * )str_tmp,sizeof(str_tmp),1000);
HAL_Delay(1000);
/* USER CODE END 3 */
Info white.png Information
Pay attention to make updates in the correct USER CODE section in order to avoid over-writing them with a new STM32CubeMX code generation.

1.2.6 Compile and run the example

  • Click on Build button Built Button.png to compile the project
  • Click on Debug button Debug Button.png to run the software
  • Open a console emulator such as TeraTerm [2]. To configure the console baud rate, select data bits: 8 and click OK. Port name may differ on your PC
  • STM32CubeIDE opens the Debug perspective. Click on the Resume button Resume Button.png to execute the code
  • TeraTerm [2] displays the initialization message preceding the measured temperature values:

TeraTerm Temp.png
Now you are able to:

  • Build your own project to measure temperature values with the sensor embedded on the B-L475E-IOT01A
  • Add BSP components to an STM32CubeMx generated project
  • Extend the use of the board to sensors other than HTS221, to make environmental measurements.

2 Appendix: Porting an AC6 example to STM32CubeIDE

The example to be used in this appendix is DataLogTerminal located under: STM32CubeExpansion_MEMS1_V7.1.0\Projects\STM32L476RG-Nucleo\Examples\IKS01A2\DataLogTerminal

Info white.png Information
STM32CubeExpansion_MEMS1_V7.1.0 is the extract of X-CUBE-MEMS. More recent versions of this package may be available over time from the same link.
Warning white.png Warning
It is recommended to put the package under C: in order to avoid compilation errors later (because of long paths)

2.1 Hardware description

The X-NUCLEO-IKS01A2[3] is a motion MEMS and environmental sensor expansion board for the STM32 64-pin Nucleo. It interfaces with NUCLEO-L476RG via I²C-bus pins.
IKS Sensor Board.png

2.2 Example: Get temperature values using the HTS221 sensor and display them on terminal (Porting from AC6 to STM32CubeIDE)

The purpose of this section is to explain step by step how to interface the X-NUCLEO IKS01A2 HTS221 sensor and NUCLEO-L476RG to get temperature values and display them on a terminal.

2.2.1 Hardware setup

  • Extend your Nucleo board with the X-NUCLEO-IKS01A2 shield using the Arduino connectors
  • Connect the board with its shield to your PC.

2.2.2 Example details

A description of the DataLogTerminal example is available under STM32CubeExpansion_MEMS1_ V7.1.0\Projects\STM32L476RG-Nucleo\Examples\IKS01A2\DataLogTerminal in the readme.txt file:

@par Example Description
Main function is to show how to use sensor expansion board to send sensor data from a Nucleo board using UART to a connected PC or desktop, and display it on generic applications like TeraTerm.
After connection has been established:
- The user can view the data from various on-board environment sensors such as temperature, humidity, and pressure
- The user can also view data from various on-board MEMS sensors such as accelerometer, gyroscope, and magnetometer.

2.2.3 Porting the example to STM32CubeIDE

Import the DataLogTerminal example based on SW4STM32 and dedicated to the NUCLEO-L476RG into STM32CubeIDE: STM32CubeExpansion_MEMS1_V7.1.0\Projects\STM32L476RG-Nucleo\Examples\IKS01A2\DataLogTerminal.
The project must be converted and the following message is displayed:
Project Converter 2.png

  • When clicking on OK, the following message pops up:

Project Converter OK.png

  • Click OK
  • Select the relevant project from the Project Explorer perspective:

Project Explorer.png

2.2.4 Compiling and running the example

  • Click on the Build button Built Button.png to compile the project.
  • Click on the Debug button arrow Debug Arrow Button.png and select Debug Configurations...
  • In the Debug Configuration window that pops up, make sure that the selected Debug probe is ST-LINK:

Debug Panel.png

  • From the same window, click on Debug, or click on the Debug button Debug Button.png to run the software.
  • Open a console emulator such as TeraTerm [2]. Configure the Console baud rate, select Data bits: 8 and click OK. The port name may differ on your PC.
  • Click on the Resume button Resume Button.png to execute the code. TeraTerm [2] displays the measured values using the sensors available in the shield X-NUCLEO-IKS01A2.
  • The values measured by the X-NUCLEO-IKS01A2 sensors are displayed in the TeraTerm window as follows:

TeraTerm AllSensor.png

3 References



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