- Last edited 2 weeks ago ago
NOR update with customized trusted image
This article gives details about updating the bootloader objects of NOR memory, located onto STM32MP157x-EV1 (e.g.), using STM32CubeIDE.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Initialize NOR with Starter Package
- 3 Customize bootloader images and update them on running STM32MP15 board
- 4 Check new bootloader version after customization with STM32CubeIDE
The different steps to update NOR with customized trusted image are the following ones:
- Initialize the NOR with Starter Package image thanks to STM32CubeProgrammer.
- Within STM32CubeIDE:
- customize the trusted image, thanks to embedded STM32CubeMX generating device trees
- compile corresponding Linux® device tree & bootloader images
- update them on running STM32MP15 board
- Check the new customization is correctly set up
NOR memory contains only TF-A BL2 and FIP partitions, Linux partitions are located on SD-Card.
All those steps are explained in chapters below.
2 Initialize NOR with Starter Package
Initialize the NOR with Starter Package image thanks to STM32CubeProgrammer.
For that select the Starter package corresponding to the targeted STM32MP1 board and jump to chapter Downloading the image and flashing it on the board (e.g. here for STM32MP15 Evaluation board).
Before executing the next step, check the bootloader version, visible in boot messages:
- TF-A BL2 version, booting from NOR memory
- U-boot version & extlinux.conf file used, booting from NOR memory
- extlinux.conf content before update
3 Customize bootloader images and update them on running STM32MP15 board
3.1 Build the trusted image inside STM32CubeIDE with the new expected device trees
After customization of hardware resources within embedded STM32CubeMX, new device trees for Linux® and for bootloader are generated.
Next step is to build an update of the new trusted image; this is covered also within STM32CubeIDE with:
- bootloader images generation, as explained in How to manage OpenSTLinux projects in STM32CubeIDE#Bootloader_projects
- and Linux® device tree compilation How_to_manage_OpenSTLinux_projects_in_STM32CubeIDE#Linux_project
Note that for Linux®, only device tree has to be updated as described hereafter.
3.2 STM32MP1 board update with new Linux® device tree
In this step, STM32MP15 board is up and running with network access: target status is green. After having compiled device tree generated by STM32CubeMX , you need to :
- update MP15 target bootfs with new .dtb under /boot
- and adjust /boot/mmc0_extlinux/extlinux.conf in order to declare new device tree and set it as default. Note that this setup is done on SD card memory since Linux partitions are located there.
For that, follow steps explained below:
- select the Cortex-A Linux® Deployment shortcut configuration available from Linux® project Run As... menu.
- Validate your choice and use Run button. You get in a dedicated Linux® Deployment console a message like this:
- Check extlinux.conf content after NOR Linux® device tree update (DEFAULT and LABEL have changed)
3.3 STM32MP1 board update with new bootloader images
In this step, STM32MP15 board is up and running with network access: target status is green.
After having built customized bootloader images, you need to update STM32MP1 board.
- Select Cortex-A project in STM32CubeIDE and click right to get Cortex-A Bootloader Deployment shortcut.
Connection is automatically set and you need to scan STM32MP15 target storage, thanks to Scan... button.
This storage list depends on the board and on the used boot storage.
Then, select the storage to update (NOR #0 here) and the TF-A BL2 & FIP image to update from FIP_artifacts/ .
Here is the corresponding STM32 Cortex-A Bootloader Deployment configuration:
- Click on Run, you get in a dedicated Bootloader Deployment console following message:
4 Check new bootloader version after customization with STM32CubeIDE
After the update, the new bootloader version can be checked by comparing version appearing in boot messages : TF-A BL2 and U-Boot versions are modified and Linux® uses the generated device tree.
Here are the new boot messages :
- TF-A BL2 updated version, booting from NOR memory
- U-Boot updated version & Linux® device tree, booting from NOR memory