- Last edited 4 days ago
STM32MP15 device tree
1 Purpose and scope
The purpose of this article is not to explain the device tree concept and the device tree configuration supported by STM32MP15. A good knowledge of the concept is a prerequisite before reading this article. The articles regarding the configuration can be read afterwards.
2 Device tree structure for Linux, U-Boot and TF-A
The device tree files are used during boot time by the FSBL (TF-A), the SSBL (U-Boot), and eventually by the Linux kernel.
These files are stored in different repositories, but source code reuse is maximized from one repository to another:
- The initial device tree files supporting STM32MP15 are created in the Linux kernel.
- The source code path is arch/arm/boot/dts/stm32mp15* .
- In U-Boot, Linux files are copied and overloaded with U-Boot properties (including DDR configuration).
- The source code path is arch/arm/dts/stm32mp15* .
- The U-Boot add-ons file, "<dts-file-name>-u-boot.dtsi", is automatically included at the end of "<dts-file-name>.dts" during device tree compilation (this is a generic U-Boot Makefile behavior).
- In TF-A, Linux files are partly copied (for device tree blob size optimization) and completed with the security configuration (firewalling), and the DDR configuration is also added (same files as U-Boot).
- The source code path is fdts/stm32mp15* .
The figure below shows the device tree creation flow for Linux, U-Boot and TF-A:
- Linux in dark blue
- U-Boot in green
- TF-A in pink
- STM32CubeMX generated parts in light blue
The above color codes are used for all the figures included in this article.
2.2 Upstreamed device tree
As explained in the STM32 MPU Embedded Software Open Source Software (OSS) philosophy, STMicroelectronics maximizes the usage of open source software and the upstreaming to the communities.
So, the device tree files supporting the evaluation board and the Discovery kit are upstreamed to their official respective repositories. But waiting for the upstream process completion, STMicroelectronics latest contributions are available in advance on github in Linux , U-Boot and TF-A repositories.
|The figures shown below are reflecting the current implementation on github and they may be somehow in advance compare to the upstreamed version for all parts that are still under review.|
|For the sake of simplicity, the figures below only show the dtsi & dts files structure, without showing the h files that are also included.|
|The dtb files, resulting from the compilation with the dtc compiler, may be named differently when the compilation is launched with the Distribution Package.|
|'<board>-u-boot.dtsi' file inclusion at the end of '<board>.dts' file is not explicit (#include ...) but realized via an U-Boot generic mechanism (see README )|
Note: The hashed areas on Linux device tree files represent the fact that these files are partly copied in TF-A.
2.3 STM32CubeMX generated device tree
STM32CubeMX can be used to generate the device tree files for a given project. The tool generates the files highlighted in light blue in the following diagrams, including the upstreamed files shown in the previous chapter.
The device tree files generated by STM32CubeMX can be built with the Developer Package or Distribution Package:
- Use the Developer Package to store the STM32CubeMX-generated files in the folder of your choice. Then, manually copy or link them into Linux, U-Boot and TF-A device tree folders (see introduction). Do not forget to add your device tree file name in ../Makefile.sdk (for TF-A SDK and U-Boot SDK) and in arch/arm/boot/dts/Makefile (for Linux kernel SDK), before compiling them as expalined in How to cross-compile with the Developer Package.
- Use the Distribution Package to store the STM32CubeMX-generated files in meta-st/meta-st-stm32mp-addons/mx, as explained in the How to create your own machine article. This article also describes how to build the complete image. Examples of Linux (device tree), U-Boot and TF-A individual compiling can be found in the How to cross-compile with the Distribution Package article.