STM32MP15 ROM code overview



1 ROM Code overview[edit]

ROM code is the first code executed after a reset.

1.1 ROM code features[edit]

The main features of ROM code include:
Alternate text
ROM code overview

1.2 Device states[edit]

The ROM code behaviour is strongly linked to the device state.

Alternate text
Device states
  • Open state: By default the device is in open state. Authentication is not mandatory. An authentication error does not prevent FSBL from beeing started.
  • Closed state: The device can be closed by writing to bit 6 of OTP WORD0. On closed devices, authentication is mandatory. An authentication error prevents FSBL from beeing started.
  • RMA state: A closed device can be put once in RMA state and back again in closed state. On devices in RMA state, all ROM code features, except the one used to go back in closed state are disabled.

2 Secure boot[edit]

The ROM code ensures the first stage of the STM32MP15 secure boot, implemented in the trusted boot chain:

  • it loads FSBL image from selected boot interface
  • it authenticates FSBL image
  • if image is authenticated, it jumps to FSBL image entry point
Alternate text
ROM code - secure boot

2.1 Boot interface selection[edit]

As shown in the figure below, the boot interface is determined by the configuration given by boot pins, OTP and a TAMP register.

Alternate text
ROM code - boot source selection

2.2 Image loading[edit]

The ROM code loads the image into SYSRAM internal memory at address 0x2ffc2400.

2.3 FSBL authentication[edit]

ROM code implements authentication process as described in STM32MP15 secure boot, Authentication processing chapter.

2.4 Jump to FSBL[edit]

If image authentication is successful, the ROM code stores the address of the boot context in r0 register and jumps to the FSBL entry point defined in image header.

The boot context (see boot_api_context_t structure in plat/st/stm32mp1/include/boot_api.h ) is in the first 512 bytes of SYSRAM. It contains information on boot process (such as the selected boot device) and pointers to the ROM code services (used for secure boot authentication).

3 Serial boot[edit]

The ROM supports UART and USB serial interfaces.

When serial boot is selected, the ROM code scans in parallel all bootable UART instances and the USB OTG. When an activity is detected on an interface, the boot process goes on with this interface and the others are ignored.

3.1 USB Boot[edit]

The ROM supports boot on USB OTG interface with HS PHY.

USB OTG HS is clocked by a 48 MHz and a 60 MHz clock, generated by using HSE clock (from RCC).

The ROM code supports following HSE values:

8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, 32, 36, 40, 48 MHz


The ROM code selects which HSE it must use by following these steps:

  • If OTP WORD 3.HSE_value is 0b00 (default behaviour), then the ROM code autodetects HSE by using HSI clock (from RCC).
Recognized values are either 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24, 32, 36, 28, 40, or 48 MHz.
If none of these value can be recognized, the ROM code considers that HSE = 24 MHz.
  • If OTP WORD 3.HSE_value is 0b01, then it considers that HSE=24 MHz
  • If OTP WORD 3.HSE_value is 0b10, then it considers that HSE=25 MHz
  • If OTP WORD 3.HSE_value is 0b11, then it considers that HSE=26 MHz


3.2 UART Boot[edit]

The ROM supports the following UART interfaces:

  • USART/UART instances:
    • USART2, USART3, UART4, UART5, USART6, UART7, UART8
(one start bit, 8 data bits, even parity bit and one stop bit).

Configuration:

By default the ROM code scans all UARTs listed above. This list may be reduced by blowing fuses in uart_intances_disable field of OTP WORD 3.

In case of Serial boot, the ROM code applies the following AFmuxes.
The ROM code first muxes only the RX pins of bootable UART instances and scans in parallel all these RX lines. When an activity is detected on an UART interface, the ROM code muxes the related TX, all others RX are unmuxed, and the boot process goes on with this interface. In case of USB boot detection, all UART RX are unmuxed.

UARTs
USART2
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
USART2_RX PA3 (AF07)
USART2_TX PA2 (AF07)
USART3
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
USART3_RX PB12 (AF08)
USART3_TX PB10 (AF07)
UART4
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
UART4_RX PB2 (AF08)
UART4_TX PG11 (AF06)
USART5
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
USART5_RX PB5 (AF12)
USART5_TX PB13 (AF14)
USART6
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
USART6_RX PC7 (AF07)
USART6_TX PC6 (AF07)
UART7
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
UART7_RX PF6 (AF07)
UART7_TX PF7 (AF07)
UART8
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
UART8_RX PE0 (AF08)
UART8_TX PE1 (AF08)

4 Flash memory boot[edit]

The ROM supports the following Flash interfaces:

Please refer to STM32MP15 Flash mapping article to see the details about the mapping of each of these memories.

4.1 Boot from NAND[edit]

NAND contains n copies of FSBL in n first blocks. The ROM code scans blocks from the first and loads the FSBL contained in the first valid block.

The ROM code supports FMC (parallel) NANDs and QSPI (serial) NANDs.

Supported FMC (parallel) NANDs:

The ROM code supports FMC NAND with the following parameters.

Block size
(KBytes )
Page size
(KBytes)
Data width ECC1(bits and code)
128 2 8, 16 4 (bch), 8 (bch), 1 (hamming)
256 4 8, 16 4 (bch), 8 (bch), 1 (hamming)
512 4 8, 16 4 (bch), 8 (bch), 1 (hamming)
512 8 8, 16 4 (bch), 8 (bch), 1 (hamming)
1: The ROM code supports both FMC NAND with or without on-die ECC. The ECC given here is for NAND without on-die ECC.


Supported QSPI (serial) NANDs:

The ROM code supports QSPI NAND with the following parameters.

Block size
(KBytes)
Page size
(KBytes)
128 2
256 4
512 4
512 8


Configuration:

In order to read a NAND flash, the ROM code needs to know the page size, the block size and the number of blocks. For FMC NAND it also needs to know the width and the number of ECC bits.

The ROM code detects NAND parameters storage location by checking OTP WORD9.nand_param_stored_in_otp value.

If OTP WORD9.nand_param_stored_in_otp value is equal to 0 (which is the default) then the NAND shall provide an ONFI compliant parameter table in which the ROM code looks for NAND parameters. “ONFI compliant” means that a NAND provides an ONFI get parameter command that returns a table where at least parameters needed by ROM code are located at standard ONFI offsets.

If OTP WORD9.nand_param_stored_in_otp value is equal to 1, the ROM code looks for NAND parameters in OTP WORD9.

The number of ECC bits is a particular case, as it can be set by OTP even if OTP WORD9.nand_param_stored_in_otp is equal to 0. This is to allow the user to override the recommanded number of ECC bits given by the parameter table of an ONFI NAND.

In case of QSPI NAND boot, the ROM code applies the same AFmuxes as the ones for QSPI NOR.

In case of FMC NAND boot, the ROM code applies the following AFmuxes:

FMC NAND
8 bits
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
FMC_NOE PD4 (AF12)
FMC_NWAIT PD6 (AF12)
FMC_NWE PD5 (AF12)
FMC_NCE PG9 (AF12)
FMC_ALE PD12 (AF12)
FMC_CLE PD11 (AF12)
FMC_D0 PD14 (AF12)
FMC_D1 PD15 (AF12)
FMC_D2 PD0 (AF12)
FMC_D3 PD1 (AF12)
FMC_D4 PE7 (AF12)
FMC_D5 PE8 (AF12)
FMC_D6 PE9 (AF12)
FMC_D7 PE10 (AF12)
16 bits complement
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
FMC_D8 PE11 (AF12)
FMC_D9 PE12 (AF12)
FMC_D10 PE13 (AF12)
FMC_D11 PE14 (AF12)
FMC_D12 PE15 (AF12)
FMC_D13 PD8 (AF12)
FMC_D14 Pd9 (AF12)
FMC_D15 PD10 (AF12)

4.2 Boot from NOR[edit]

The NOR Flash contains two copies of FSBL. The ROM code tries to load and launch the first copy. In case of failure, it then tries to load the second copy.

The ROM code looks for FSBL1 at offset LBA0 and FSBL2 at offset LBA512.

It is possible to use NOR flash either in single or in dual mode. In dual mode two NOR flashes are connected to the two ports of the NOR interface, and the two memories are used in interlaced mode.

Configuration:

The ROM code uses SPI legacy mode MOSI/MISO only (i.e. uses only 2 pins IO0 and IO1 to transfer data).

The ROM code automatically detects single and dual modes.

In dual mode, BK1_NCS shall be connected to BK2_NCS on board.

By default the ROM code applies the following AFmuxes:

QSPI NOR
QSPI NOR (single NOR)
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
QUADSPI_CLK PF10 (AF9)
QUADSPI_BK1_NCS PB6 (AF10)
QUADSPI_BK1_IO0 PF8 (AF10)
QUADSPI_BK1_IO1 PF9 (AF10)
QSPI NOR (dual NOR)
IO name Pin id (AF mux)
QUADSPI_CLK PF10 (AF9)
QUADSPI_BK1_NCS PB6 (AF10)
QUADSPI_BK1_IO0 PF8 (AF10)
QUADSPI_BK1_IO1 PF9 (AF10)
QUADSPI_BK2_IO0 PH2 (AF9)
QUADSPI_BK2_IO1 PH3 (AF9)

These default AFmux can be overwritten by OTP values defined by OTP WORD 5 to 7.

4.3 Boot from SD[edit]

SD cards contain two versions of FSBL. The ROM code tries to load and launch the first copy. In case of failure, it then try to load the second copy.

The ROM code first looks for a GPT. If it finds it, it locates two FSBLs by looking for the two first GPT entries which name begins with "fsbl". If it cannot find a GPT, the ROM code looks for FSBL1 at offset LBA34 and FSBL2 at offset LBA546.

Configuration:

The ROM code uses only one data bit.

By default the ROM code uses SDMMC1 instance.

If OTP WORD 3 sd_if_id field value is not equal to 0, the ROM code uses the value of this field (1 or 2) to determine which SDMMC interface to use.

By default the ROM code applies the following AFmuxes:

IO name Pin id (AF mux)
SDMMC1_CK PC12 (AF12)
SDMMC1_CMD PD2 (AF12)
SDMMC1_D0 PC8 (AF12)
SDMMC1_CDIR PB9 (AF11)
SDMMC1_D0DIR AFMUX OTP needed

If OTP WORD 3 sd_if_id field value is not equal to 0, the ROM code uses non default AFmux values defined by OTP WORD 5 to 7.

Note that AFmux for SDMMC1_D0DIR has no default value and, if needed, must be applied via OTP WORD 5 to 7.

4.4 Boot from eMMC[edit]

An eMMC™ contains two copies of FSBL in its two boot regions, but only one boot region is active at a time. The ROM code tries to load and launch the copy of FSBL contained in the active boot region.

Configuration:

The ROM code uses only one data bit.

By default the ROM code uses SDMMC2 instance.

If OTP WORD 3 emmc_if_id field value is not equal to 0, the ROM code uses the value of this field (1 or 2) to determine which SDMMC interface to use.

By default the ROM code applies following AFmuxes:

IO name Pin id (AF mux)
SDMMC2_CK PE3 (AF09)
SDMMC2_CMD PG6 (AF10)
SDMMC2_D0 PB14 (AF09)

If OTP WORD 3 emmc_if_id field value is not equal to 0, the ROM code uses non default AFmux values defined by OTP WORD 5 to 7.

5 Engineering boot[edit]

Engineering boot allows the user to connect a debugger on a opened device, so that it can load and run any software on either the CA7 or the CM4.

The ROM code detects engineering boot when boot pins value is 0b100. The ROM code then simply enters an infinite loop after having:

  • re-opened CA7 secure debug,
  • started CM4 to run an infinite loop

Engineering boot is not available on closed devices (cf Close the device)

6 Wake up from low power modes[edit]

In case of Standby exit reset, the ROM code proceeds with a "wake up from low power modes" as shown on following figure:

Alternate text
ROM code - wake up from low power modes

In such resets the Cortex®-M4 is always hold on reset, and only the ROM code on Cortex®-A7 is running. The behavior of the ROM code depends on value of bits MCU_BEN, MPU_BEN of RCC_MP_BOOTCR register.

Cortex®-M4 wake up

If bit MCU_BEN of RCC_MP_BOOTCR register is set to 1, the ROM proceeds to Cortex®-M4 software wake up.

The ROM code wakes up Cortex®-M4 by releasing it from its "hold on reset" state.

  • Cortex®-M4 software integrity check
Before releasing Cortex®-M4 the ROM code can use backup registers to recover the Cortex®-M4 software integrity check value and compare it to the one computed on RETRAM.
Note: if the device is closed, this check is mandatory.


Cortex®-A7 wake up

The Cortex®-A7 software wake up consists in processing Secure boot. The ROM will proceed to Cortex®-A7 software wake up in three cases:

  • If M4 software wake up is not required (i.e. MCU_BEN=0)
  • If M4 software wake up is required (i.e. MCU_BEN=0) but fails,
  • If M4 software wake up is required (i.e. MCU_BEN=0), is processed successfully and MPU_BEN is also set to 1


Cortex®-A7 returns to CStandby low power mode

If Cortex®-M4 software wake up is required (i.e. MCU_BEN=0), is processed successfully and MPU_BEN is set to 0, the ROM enters the Cortex®-A7 in CStandby low power modes.

7 RMA boot[edit]

RMA boot allow a user to perform a Return Material Authorization (RMA).

  • RMA Unlock
The user can request to put a closed device in RMA state by configuring via Jtag the RMA unlock password in BSEC JTAG_IN register, which the ROM code compares to the password stored in OTP WORD 56
  • RMA boot
When the device is in unlocked for RMA : DFT tests are possible again, but without possibility to access any sensitive data stored in fuses by the user.
  • RMA Relock
The user can request to put a RMA device back in closed state by configuring via Jtag the RMA relock password in BSEC JTAG_IN register, which the ROM code compares to the password stored in OTP WORD 56

8 Configuration[edit]

8.1 Boot device selection via the boot pins and OTP[edit]

BOOT pins TAMP_REG[20]
(Force Serial)
OTP WORD 3
Primary boot source
OTP WORD 3
Secondary boot source
Boot source #1 Boot source #2
if #1 fails
Boot source
if #2 fails
b000 x (don't care) x (don't care) x (don't care) Serial - -
b001 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) 0 (virgin) QSPI NOR Serial -
b010 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) 0 (virgin) eMMC Serial -
b011 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) 0 (virgin) FMC NAND Serial -
b100 x (don't care) x (don't care) x (don't care) NoBoot - -
b101 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) 0 (virgin) SD-Card Serial -
b110 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) 0 (virgin) Serial - -
b111 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) 0 (virgin) QSPI NAND Serial -
!= b100 != 0xFF Primary1 0 (virgin) Primary1 Serial -
!= b100 != 0xFF 0 (virgin) Secondary1 Secondary1 Serial -
!= b100 != 0xFF Primary1 Secondary1 Primary1 Secondary1 Serial
!= b100 0xFF x (don't care) x (don't care) Serial - -

1Primary and Secondary are fields of OTP WORD3.

8.2 OTP configuration[edit]

The OTP are stored via BSEC internal peripheral.

8.2.1 OTP WORD 0[edit]

Bit Name Size Value Description
31-7 25 bits reserved
6 is_closed 1 bit Close state
0 device is in open state, authentication is optional.
1 device is in close state, authentication is mandatory.
5-0 6 bits reserved

8.2.2 OTP WORD 3[edit]

Bit Name Size Value Description
31-30 HSE_value 2 bits HSE value
0b00 HSE is autodetected
0b01 HSE is 24 MHz
0b10 HSE is 25 MHz
0b11 HSE is 26 MHz
29-27 primary_boot_source 3 bits Primary boot source
If different from zero, identifies primary source used for boot
0 No primary boot source is defined
1 FMC NAND
2 QSPI NOR
3 eMMC
4 SD
5 QSPI NAND
26-24 secondary_boot_source 3 bits Secondary boot source
If different from zero, identifies secondary source used for boot
0 No secondary boot source is defined
1 FMC NAND
2 QSPI NOR
3 eMMC
4 SD
5 QSPI NAND
23-16 boot_source_disable 8 bits Disable boot source
if different from zero each bit disables a boot source
0b00000001 disable FMC NAND boot source
0b00000010 disable QSPI NOR boot source
0b00000100 disable eMMC™ boot source
0b00001000 disable SD boot source
0b00010000 disable UART boot source
0b00100000 disable USB boot source
0b01000000 disable QSPI NAND boot source
15-15 no_data_cache 1 bit Data cache enable enabling
If different from zero, data cache is not used by bootrom.
0 Data cache is used by bootrom.
1 Data cache is not used by bootrom.
14-7 uart_intances_disabled 8 bits Uart instances disabled
If different from zero each bit disables an UART instance.
If all disable bits are set to 1 then all UARTs are enabled.
0b00000001 reserved
0b00000010 disable USART2
0b00000100 disable USART3
0b00001000 disable UART4
0b00010000 disable UART5
0b00100000 disable UART6
0b01000000 disable UART7
0b10000000 disable USART8
6 no_usb_dp_pullup 1 bit USB DP pullup enabling
If different from zero, USB DP pull-up is not set
0 USB DP pull-up is set
1 USB DP pull-up is not set
5 no_cpu_pll 1 bit PLL enabling
If different from zero, PLL are not enabled
0 PLLs for CPU/AXI are enable for cold boot
1 PLLs for CPU/AXI are not enable for cold boot
4-3 sd_if_id 2 bits SD Memory interface
If different from zero, identifies the default instance to be used for memory boot
0 Source is default one : SDMMC1 with default AFMux
1 SDMMC1 (uses non default AFmux defined in OTP)
2 SDMMC2
2-1 emmc_if_id 2 bits eMMC™ Memory interface
If different from zero, identifies the default instance to be used for memory boot
0 Source is default one : SDMMC2 with default AFMux
1 SDMMC1
2 SDMMC2 (uses non default AFmux defined in OTP)
0 qspi_not_default_af 1 bit QSPI don’t use default AFmux
0 QSPI uses default hard coded AFmux
1 QSPI uses AFmux defined in OTP

8.2.3 OTP WORD 4 - Monotonic counter[edit]

This is an anti rollback monotonic counter. On closed devices, the ROM code checks that it must be less or equal to the one stored in the image header.

Bit Name Size Value Description
31-0 monotonic_val 32 bits Monotonic counter value
Gives the value of monotonic counter
0b1xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 32
0b01xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 31
0b001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 30
0b0001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 29
0b00001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 28
0b000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 27
0b0000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 26
0b00000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 25
0b000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 24
0b0000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 23
0b00000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 22
0b000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 21
0b0000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 20
0b00000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 19
0b000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 18
0b0000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 17
0b00000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 16
0b000000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 15
0b0000000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 14
0b00000000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 13
0b000000000000000000001xxxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 12
0b0000000000000000000001xxxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 11
0b00000000000000000000001xxxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 10
0b000000000000000000000001xxxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 9
0b0000000000000000000000001xxxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 8
0b00000000000000000000000001xxxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 7
0b000000000000000000000000001xxxxx Value of monotonic counter is 6
0b0000000000000000000000000001xxxx Value of monotonic counter is 5
0b00000000000000000000000000001xxx Value of monotonic counter is 4
0b000000000000000000000000000001xx Value of monotonic counter is 3
0b0000000000000000000000000000001x Value of monotonic counter is 2
0b00000000000000000000000000000001 Value of monotonic counter is 1
0b00000000000000000000000000000000 Value of monotonic counter is 0

8.2.4 OTP WORD 5 to 7 - AFmux configuration[edit]

Bit Field Size Value Description
31-28 port1[3:0] 4 bits Bank id
0 unused
1 Bank A
2 Bank B
3 Bank C
4 Bank D
5 Bank E
6 Bank FK
7 Bank G
8 Bank H
9 Bank I
10 Bank J
11 Bank K
12 Bank Z
0b1111XXX Invalid configuration
27-24 pin1[3:0] 4 bits 0-15 Pin Id
23-20 afmux1[3:0] 4 bits 0-15 AFmux value
19-16 mode0[3:0] 4 bits Pin Mode
0 AF ; No Pull  ; Low Speed
1 AF ; No Pull  ; Medium Speed
2 AF ; No Pull  ; High Speed
3 AF ; Pull Up  ; Low Speed
4 AF ; Pull Up  ; Medium Speed
5 AF ; Pull Up  ; High Speed
6 AF ; Pull Down  ; Low Speed
7 AF ; Pull Down  ; Medium Speed
8 AF ; Pull Down  ; High Speed
9 GPIO Output High
10 GPIO Output Low
11 GPIO Input
12 GPIO open drain ; No pull
13 GPIO open drain ; Pull Up
14 GPIO open drain ; Pull Down
15 GPIO analog mode
15-12 port0[3:0] 4 bits Bank id
0 unused
1 Bank A
2 Bank B
3 Bank C
4 Bank D
5 Bank E
6 Bank FK
7 Bank G
8 Bank H
9 Bank I
10 Bank J
11 Bank K
12 Bank Z
0b1111XXX Invalid configuration
8-Nov pin0[3:0] 4 bits 0-15 Pin Id
4-Jul afmux0[3:0] 4 bits 0-15 AFmux value
31-0 pull0mode0[31:0] 42 bits Pin Pull Mode
0 AF ; No Pull  ; Low Speed
1 AF ; No Pull  ; Medium Speed
2 AF ; No Pull  ; High Speed
3 AF ; Pull Up  ; Low Speed
4 AF ; Pull Up  ; Medium Speed
5 AF ; Pull Up  ; High Speed
6 AF ; Pull Down  ; Low Speed
7 AF ; Pull Down  ; Medium Speed
8 AF ; Pull Down  ; High Speed
9 GPIO Output High
10 GPIO Output Low
11 GPIO Input
12 GPIO open drain ; No pull
13 GPIO open drain ; Pull Up
14 GPIO open drain ; Pull Down
15 GPIO analog mode; Pull down

8.2.5 OTP WORD 9 - NAND configuration[edit]

Bit Name Size Value Description
31-31 nand_param_stored_in_otp 1 bit NAND parameters storage flag
0b0 NAND parameters are not stored here in OTP and are available via an ‘ONFI’ compliant get parameter command.
0b1 NAND parameters are stored here in OTP
30-29 nand_page_size[1:0] 2 bits NAND page size
0 Page size is 2 Kbytes
1 Page size is 4 Kbytes
2 Page size is 8 Kbytes
3 reserved
28-27 nand_block_size[1:0] 2 bits NAND block size
0 Block size is 64 pages
1 Block size is 128 pages
2 Block size is 256 pages
3 reserved
26-19 nand_blocks_nb[7:0] 8 bits NAND number of blocks
N Number of blocks of NAND in unit of 256 blocks (= N * 256 blocks)
18-18 fmc_nand_width 1 bit FMC NAND width
0 FMC NAND is 8 bits
1 FMC NAND is 16 bits
17-15 fmc_ecc_bit_nb[2:0] 3 bits FMC NAND number of ECC bits
0 No setting. In case on ONFI NAND, means ‘use value defined in parameter table’
1 1 bit ECC per 512 bytes, Hamming code
2 4 bit ECC per 512 bytes of data, BCH (Bose, Chaudhuri and Hocquenghem) code
3 8 bit ECC per 512 bytes of data, BCH (Bose, Chaudhuri and Hocquenghem) code
4 on-die ECC
14 spinand_need_plane_select 1 bit SPI NAND need plane select
0 SPI NAND plane select not needed.
1 SPI NAND plane select needed.
13-4 reserved 11 bits - -
3 disable_ddr_power_optim 1 bit Disable DDR PLL switch off sequence
0 DDR DLL switch off sequence enabled
1 DDR DLL switch off sequence disabled.
2 disable_hse_bypass_detect 1 bit Disable HSE bypass detection
0 HSE bypass detection enabled.
1 HSE bypass detection disabled.
1 disable_hse_freq_detect 1 bit Disable HSE frequency autodetection
0 HSE frequency autodetection enabled.
1 HSE frequency autodetection disabled.
0 disable_traces 1 bit Disable traces bit
0 Bootrom trace are enabled.
1 Bootrom trace are disabled.

8.2.6 OTP WORD 24 to 31 - Public Key Hash (PKH)[edit]

OTP WORD 24 to 31 contain the SHA256 hash of (ECDSA algorithm id + ECDSA public key) where ECDSA algorithm id is 32-bit length and valid values are ‘1’ for P-256 NIST, or ‘2’ for Brainpool 256.

OTP word Bit Field Size Description
24 31-0 pkh0[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[31:0]
25 31-0 pkh1[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[63:32]
26 31-0 pkh2[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[95:64]
27 31-0 pkh3[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[128:96]
28 31-0 pkh4[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[159:128]
29 31-0 pkh5[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[191:160]
30 31-0 pkh6[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[223:192]
31 31-0 pkh7[31:0] 32 bits Public Key Hash[255:224]

8.2.7 OTP WORD 56 - RMA password[edit]

Bit Name Size Description
31-30 2 bits reserved
29-15 rma_relock_passwd 15 bits Password required for RMA ReLock request
14-0 rma_passwd 15 bits Password required for RMA Unlock request

9 Exported secure services[edit]

The ROM exports authentication services to the following stages of the STM32MP15 secure boot.

10 Debug and error cases[edit]

10.1 Debug and Error messages[edit]

  • PA13 management
The ROM code uses PA13 pin to communicate some status. On STMicroelectronics boards, PA13 is connected to the red LED, as explained in LEDs and buttons on STM32 MPU boards article.
  • in case of boot failure, the PA13 pin is set to low open-drain (i.e. red LED will light bright).
  • During UART/USB boot, the PA13 pin will toggle open-drain at a rate of about 5 Hz until a connection is started (i.e. red LED will blink fast).
  • With BOOT[2:0] = 0b100 (engineering boot, used for specific debug), PA13 will toggle opendrain at a rate of about 5 kHz (i.e. red LED will light weak).
  • In all other cases, the PA13 is kept in it’s reset value, i.e. high-z until software setting.


  • Traces
  • During its execution, the ROM writes binary traces in memory.
Traces can be downloaded from address range 0x2ffc1c00-0x2ffc2404
  • In case of internal blocking error, the ROM code writes a uart log error at 9600bauds to PA13 pin.

10.2 Common debug and error cases[edit]

  • Memory Boot failure
Secure boot flow always enters the serial boot loop during which the Error LED is blinking. Therefore, observing such blinking when Memory boot is required indicates that Memory boot failed.
  • Security issue
If the bootrom encounters a security issue, it stops immediately the secure boot and sets the Error LED to light bright.

Read Only Memory

First Stage Boot Loader

Return Materials Authorization

Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter

USB On-The-Go

High Speed (MIPI® Alliance DSI standard)

High Speed Internal oscillator (STM32 clock source) or High Speed Synchronous Serial Interface (MIPI® Alliance standard)

Receive

Transmit

input/output

GPIO alternate function

Flash memories combine high density and cost effectiveness of EPROMs with the electrical erasability of EEPROMs.

SD memory card (https://www.sdcard.org) - NEW

MultimediaCard

Elliptic curve cryptography

Error Correction Capability

Open NAND Flash interface

One Time Programmed

Serial Peripheral Interface

Secure digital

GUID Partition Table

Microcontroller Unit

Microprocessor Unit

Reset and Clock Control

Boot and Security and OTP control

debug and test protocol, named from the Joint Test Action Group that developed it

Central processing unit

General-Purpose Input/Output

Doubledata rate (memory domain)

Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm

Light-emitting diode

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