Difference between revisions of "X-LINUX-AI - image classification using TensorFlow Lite Python runtime"

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This article explains how to experiment with TensorFlow Lite[1] applications for image classification based on the MobileNet v1 model using TensorFlow Lite Python runtime.

Info.png Python applications are good for prototyping but are less efficient than C/C++ application

1 Description[edit]

The image classification[2] neural network model allows identification of the subject represented by an image. It classifies an image into various classes.

Python TensorFlow Lite image classification application

The application enables OpenCV camera streaming (or test data picture) and the TensorFlow Lite[1] interpreter runing the NN inference based on the camera (or test data pictures) inputs.
It is a multi-process Python application that allows the camera preview (on CPU core 0) and the neural network inference (using CPU core 1) to run in parallel.
The user interface is implemented using Python GTK.

The model used with this application is the MobileNet v1 downloaded from the Tensorflow Lite hosted models[3].

2 Installation[edit]

2.1 Install from the OpenSTLinux AI package repository[edit]

Warning.png The software package is provided AS IS, and by downloading it, you agree to be bound to the terms of the software license agreement (SLA). The detailed content licenses can be found here.

After having configured the AI OpenSTLinux package you can install the X-LINUX-AI components for this application:

Board $> apt-get install tflite-cv-apps-image-classification-python

And restart the demo launcher:

Board $> systemctl restart weston@root

2.2 Source code location[edit]

The label_tfl_multiprocessing.py Python script is available:

  • in the Openembedded OpenSTLinux Distribution with X-LINUX-AI Expansion Packageexpansion package:
<Distribution Package installation directory>/layers/meta-st/meta-st-stm32mpu-ai/recipes-samples/tflite-cv-apps/files/image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py
  • on the target:
/usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py
  • on GitHub:
https://github.com/STMicroelectronics/meta-st-stm32mpu-ai/tree/dunfell/recipes-samples/tflite-cv-apps/files/image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py

3 How to use the application[edit]

3.1 Launching via the demo launcher[edit]

Launch python tfl image classification.png

3.2 Executing with the command line[edit]

The Python script label_tfl_multiprocessing.py application is located in the userfs partition:

/usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py

It accepts the following input parameters:

usage: label_tfl_multiprocessing.py [-h] [-i IMAGE] [-v VIDEO_DEVICE] [--frame_width FRAME_WIDTH] [--frame_height FRAME_HEIGHT] [--framerate FRAMERATE]            
                                    [-m MODEL_FILE] [-l LABEL_FILE] [--input_mean INPUT_MEAN] [--input_std INPUT_STD]                                              
                                                                                                                                                                   
optional arguments:                                                                                                                                                
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit                                                                                                            
  -i IMAGE, --image IMAGE                                                                                                                                          
                        image directory with image to be classified                                                                                                
  -v VIDEO_DEVICE, --video_device VIDEO_DEVICE                                                                                                                     
                        video device (default /dev/video0)                                                                                                         
  --frame_width FRAME_WIDTH                                                                                                                                        
                        width of the camera frame (default is 320)                                                                                                 
  --frame_height FRAME_HEIGHT                                                                                                                                      
                        height of the camera frame (default is 240)                                                                                                
  --framerate FRAMERATE                                                                                                                                            
                        framerate of the camera (default is 15fps)                                                                                                 
  -m MODEL_FILE, --model_file MODEL_FILE                                                                                                                           
                        .tflite model to be executed                                                                                                               
  -l LABEL_FILE, --label_file LABEL_FILE                                                                                                                           
                        name of file containing labels                                                                                                             
  --input_mean INPUT_MEAN                                                                                                                                          
                        input mean                                                                                                                                 
  --input_std INPUT_STD                                                                                                                                            
                        input standard deviation

3.3 Testing with MobileNet V1[edit]

The model used for test is the mobilenet_v1_0.5_128_quant.tflite downloaded from Tensorflow Lite hosted models[3]

Info.png The different objects the neural network is able to classify are listed in the labels.txt file located in the target:

/usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/models/mobilenet/labels.txt


To ease launching of the Python script, two shell scripts are available:

  • launch image classification based on camera frame inputs
Board $> /usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/launch_python_label_tfl_mobilenet.sh
  • launch image classification based on the pictures located in /usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/models/mobilenet/testdata directory:
Board $> /usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/launch_python_label_tfl_mobilenet_testdata.sh
Info.png Note that you need to populate the testdata directory with your own data sets.

The pictures are then randomly read from the testdata directory

4 References[edit]


This article explains how to experiment with {{Highlight|TensorFlow Lite<ref name=tensorflowlite_url>[https://www.tensorflow.org/lite TensorFlow Lite]</ref>}} applications for image classification based on the MobileNet v1 model using TensorFlow Lite Python runtime.

{{Info|Python applications are good for prototyping but are less efficient than C/C++ application}}

==Description==
The '''image classification'''<ref name=tflite_image_class_url>[https://www.tensorflow.org/lite/models/image_classification/overview TFLite image classification overview]</ref> neural network model allows identification of the subject represented by an image. It classifies an image into various classes. <br>


[[File: python_tfl_image_classification_application_screenshot.png|thumb|upright=2|center|link=|Python TensorFlow Lite image classification application]]

The application enables OpenCV camera streaming (or test data picture) and the {{Highlight|TensorFlow Lite<ref name=tensorflowlite_url></ref>}} interpreter runing the NN inference based on the camera (or test data pictures) inputs.<br>

It is a multi-process Python application that allows the camera preview (on CPU core 0) and the neural network inference (using CPU core 1) to run in parallel.<br>

The user interface is implemented using Python GTK.<br>


The model used with this application is the {{Highlight|MobileNet v1}} downloaded from the  '''Tensorflow Lite hosted models'''<ref name=tflite_hosted_models_url>[https://www.tensorflow.org/lite/guide/hosted_models TFLite hosted models]</ref>.

==Installation==
===Install from the OpenSTLinux AI package repository===
{{Warning|{{SoftwareLicenseAgreement | distribution=X-LINUX-AI}}}}
After having [[X-LINUX-AI_OpenSTLinux_Expansion_Package#Configure the AI OpenSTLinux package repository|configured the AI OpenSTLinux package]] you can install the X-LINUX-AI components for this application:
 {{Board$}} apt-get install tflite-cv-apps-image-classification-python
And restart the demo launcher:
 {{Board$}} systemctl restart weston@root

===Source code location===
The '''label_tfl_multiprocessing.py''' Python script is available:
* in the Openembedded OpenSTLinux Distribution with X-LINUX-AI Expansion Packageexpansion package:
:'''<Distribution Package installation directory>/layers/meta-st/meta-st-stm32mpu-ai/recipes-samples/tflite-cv-apps/files/image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py'''
* on the target:
:'''/usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py'''
* on GitHub: 
:https://github.com/STMicroelectronics/meta-st-stm32mpu-ai/tree/dunfell/recipes-samples/tflite-cv-apps/files/image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py

==How to use the application==
===Launching via the demo launcher===
[[File: launch_python_tfl_image_classification.png|thumb|upright=2|center|link=]]

===Executing with the command line===
The Python script '''label_tfl_multiprocessing.py''' application is located in the userfs partition:
 /usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py
It accepts the following input parameters:
<pre>

usage: label_tfl_multiprocessing.py [-h] [-i IMAGE] [-v VIDEO_DEVICE] [--frame_width FRAME_WIDTH] [--frame_height FRAME_HEIGHT] [--framerate FRAMERATE]            
                                    [-m MODEL_FILE] [-l LABEL_FILE] [--input_mean INPUT_MEAN] [--input_std INPUT_STD]                                              

optional arguments:                                                                                                                                                
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit                                                                                                            
  -i IMAGE, --image IMAGE                                                                                                                                          
                        image directory with image to be classified                                                                                                
  -v VIDEO_DEVICE, --video_device VIDEO_DEVICE                                                                                                                     
                        video device (default /dev/video0)                                                                                                         
  --frame_width FRAME_WIDTH                                                                                                                                        
                        width of the camera frame (default is 320)                                                                                                 
  --frame_height FRAME_HEIGHT                                                                                                                                      
                        height of the camera frame (default is 240)                                                                                                
  --framerate FRAMERATE                                                                                                                                            
                        framerate of the camera (default is 15fps)                                                                                                 
  -m MODEL_FILE, --model_file MODEL_FILE                                                                                                                           
                        .tflite model to be executed                                                                                                               
  -l LABEL_FILE, --label_file LABEL_FILE                                                                                                                           
                        name of file containing labels                                                                                                             
  --input_mean INPUT_MEAN                                                                                                                                          
                        input mean                                                                                                                                 
  --input_std INPUT_STD                                                                                                                                            
                        input standard deviation</pre>


===Testing with MobileNet V1===
The model used for test is the {{Highlight|mobilenet_v1_0.5_128_quant.tflite}} downloaded from '''Tensorflow Lite hosted models'''<ref name=tflite_hosted_models_url>[https://www.tensorflow.org/lite/guide/hosted_models TFLite hosted models]</ref>


{{Info|The different objects the neural network is able to classify are listed in the labels.txt file located in the target:
/usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/models/mobilenet/labels.txt}}

To ease launching of the Python script, two shell scripts are available:
* launch image classification based on camera frame inputs
 {{Board$}} /usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/launch_python_label_tfl_mobilenet.sh

*launch image classification based on the pictures located in '''/usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/models/mobilenet/testdata''' directory:
 {{Board$}} /usr/local/demo-ai/computer-vision/tflite-image-classification/python/launch_python_label_tfl_mobilenet_testdata.sh

{{Info|Note that you need to populate the testdata directory with your own data sets.<br>

The pictures are then randomly read from the testdata directory}}

==References==<references />

<noinclude>

[[Category:Artificial intelligence sample apps|12]]
{{PublicationRequestId | 16539 | 24Jun'20}}</noinclude>
Line 24: Line 24:
 
===Source code location===
 
===Source code location===
 
The '''label_tfl_multiprocessing.py''' Python script is available:
 
The '''label_tfl_multiprocessing.py''' Python script is available:
* in the Openembedded OpenSTLinux Distribution with X-LINUX-AI expansion package:
+
* in the Openembedded OpenSTLinux Distribution with X-LINUX-AI Expansion Package:
 
:'''<Distribution Package installation directory>/layers/meta-st/meta-st-stm32mpu-ai/recipes-samples/tflite-cv-apps/files/image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py'''
 
:'''<Distribution Package installation directory>/layers/meta-st/meta-st-stm32mpu-ai/recipes-samples/tflite-cv-apps/files/image-classification/python/label_tfl_multiprocessing.py'''
 
* on the target:
 
* on the target: