- 1 Article Purpose
- 2 Overview
- 3 Developer Package
- 4 Distribution Package
- 5 Update software on board
1 Article Purpose
This section details the process used to build TF-A from sources and to deploy it on your target.
The build example is based on the OpenSTLinux environment:
- Developer Package
- Distribution Package
TF-A is the FSBL for the ST trusted boot chain. It must be configured or updated depending on your platform.
Cross compilation of TF-A is only required if it is to be modified. By default, in the Starter Package, the TF-A image is named: tf-<board>-trusted.stm32.
In changes are made, you must rebuild TF-A and update all the FSBL partitions of your boot device with this new image. A second FSBL image is used as a backup image.
The build process creates a full STM32 image that can be used for Flash integrating a specific header.
This trusted firmware-A image contains a device tree, a BL2 and a BL32 stage.
These binaries are built in a single step during the build process.
3 Developer Package
3.1 Install sources
The Developer Package contains OpenSTLinux and TF-A sources: TF-A Installation
3.2 Official source tree
|The STM32MP1 platform is not yet fully upstreamed. So features are not available from this repository|
Download source code from the official github
PC $> git clone https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware.git
3.3 Build Process
3.3.1 Initialise the cross compile environment
3.3.2 TF-A Build flags
- ARM_ARCH_MAJOR=7: the major version of ARM Architecture to target (STM32MP15 is ARMv7 architecture based)
- ARCH=aarch32: specify aarch32 architecture to be built
- PLAT=stm32mp1: builds an stm32mp1 platform
- DTB_FILE_NAME=<fdt file name>.dtb: this must be defined to build the proper target and include the correct DTB file into the final file
- AARCH32_SP=sp_min: builds the BL32 secure monitor if required
- AARCH32_SP=optee: do not include BL32 and prepare BL2 for optee-specific load
- DEBUG=1: add debug information in all binaries
- V=1: print verbose compilation traces
3.4 Build command
From the Developer Package tarball, a Makefile.sdk is present and must be used to build the target.
It automatically sets the proper configuration for the TF-A build.
PC $> make -f Makefile.sdk TF_A_CONFIG=trusted TFA_DEVICETREE=stm32mp157c-<board>
The latest version of the helper file is also available in this user guide: README.HOW_TO.txt.
| The DTB_FILE_NAME flag must be set to select the correct board configuration.|
The device tree file for the target must be located in fdts folder (stm32mp157c-<board>.dts)
If no Makefile.sdk exists, you must add your own environment flags:
PC $> unset LDFLAGS; PC $> unset CFLAGS; PC $> make ARM_ARCH_MAJOR=7 ARCH=aarch32 PLAT=stm32mp1 AARCH32_SP=sp_min DTB_FILE_NAME=stm32mp157c-<board>.dtb
3.5 Final image
Final image is available for Flash or SD card update in the corresponding folder:
build/<target>/<debug|release>/tf-a-<target>.stm32 Ex: build/stm32mp1/debug/tf-a-stm32mp157c-ev1.stm32
4 Distribution Package
For an OpenSTLinux distribution, the TF-A image is built in release mode by default. The yocto recipe can be found in:
If you want to modify the TF-A code source, use the following steps starting from an already downloaded and built OpenSTLinux distribution.
4.1 Access sources
You can use devtool to access the source.
PC $> cd <baseline root directory> PC $> devtool modify tf-a-stm32mp sources/boot/tf-a
By going to the sources/boot/tf-a folder, you can manage and modify the TF-A sources. To rebuild it, go back to the build-<distribution> folder and launch the TF-A recipe:
PC $> bitbake tf-a-stm32mp
The final image is deployed in the image default output folder.
5 Update software on board
5.1 Partitioning of binaries
The TF-A build provides a binary named tf-a-stm32mp157c-<board>.stm32 that MUST be copied to a dedicated partition named "fsblX" (X depends of needed backup).
| TF-A must be located in the first partition of your boot device.|
You can just update the first partition for a simple test, but all backup partitions must contain the same image at the end.
5.2 Update via SDCARD
If you use an SD card, you can simply update TF-A using the dd command on your host.
Plug your SD card into the computer and copy the binary to the dedicated partition; on an SDCard/USB disk the "fsbl1" partition is partition 1:
- SDCARD: /dev/mmcblkXp1 (where X is the instance number) - SDCARD via USB reader: /dev/sdX1 (where X is the instance number)
PC $> dd if=<tf-a file> of=/dev/<device partition> bs=1M conv=fdatasync
There is an existing dd for Windows that makes binary copying possible.
5.3 Update via USB mass storage on U-boot
Follow the previous section to put tf-a-<board>.stm32 onto SDCard/USB disk
5.4 Update your boot device (including SD card on the target)
Refer to the STM32CubeProgrammer documentation to update your target.
Trusted Firmware for Arm Cortex-A
First Stage Boot Loader
Boot Loader stage 2
Boot Loader stage 3-2
Device Tree Binary (or Blob)
Second Stage Boot Loader