Difference between revisions of "How to update U-Boot"

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m (Nathalie Sangouard moved page How to update U-Boot on an SD card to How to update U-Boot without leaving a redirect: PDE : this article talks about update on SD card and eMMC, and in future update NAND / NOR could added also )
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This page explains how to manually update the U-Boot binaries on an SD card or on the e•MMC.

Renaming.png This page is a candidate for renaming (move).
The requested new name is: How to update U-Boot .
The supplied reason is: this article talks about update on SD card and eMMC, and in futur update NAND / NOR could added also .
-- Patrick Delaunay.
Wiki maintainers: remember to update the pages that link this page before renaming (moving) it.

1 To update an SD card with the Linux dd command[edit]

When a Linux console has access to the SD card device partitions:

  • on a Linux PC
    • with a card reader of this PC
    • through a USB connection to the target and the ums command executed on a U-Boot console
  • on target, with Linux console.

The 3 first GPT partitions on the SD card are:

  1. FSBL1
  2. FSBL2
  3. SSBL

See Boot_chains_overview for the bootloader definitions.

You can use the Linux dd command to copy the FSBL and SSBL directly to the correct partition:

 
PC $>  dd if=<file> of=/dev/<dev> conv=fdatasync

<dev> is:

  • mmcblk<X>p<n>: PC-embedded card reader case or target Linux console
  • sd<X><n>: USB-connected SD card reader case

where <X> is the ID of the device, and <n> the ID of the partition.

Note: the dd option conv=fdatasync is used to force synchronous copying.

1.1 U-Boot environment[edit]

The U-Boot environment is saved at the end of the U-Boot partition, named "ssbl": ID = 3.

To clear this environment, erase the U-Boot partition before any update; for example, by writing 0 to this partition:

 
PC $>  dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mmcblk<X>p3 conv=fdatasync
 
PC $>  dd if=/dev/zero of=sd<X>3 conv=fdatasync

1.2 SD card update example[edit]

The internal card reader is /dev/mmcblk0 or for a target Linux console, GPT partition <n> is /dev/mmcblk0p<n>:

 
PC $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/mmcblk0p1 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/mmcblk0p2 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mmcblk0p3 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=u-boot.stm32 of=/dev/mmcblk0p3 conv=fdatasync

Alternatively, with U-Boot console, dev = 0 (SD card device on ST Microelectronics board), GPT partition <n> is /dev/sda<n>:

 
Board $> mmc dev 0 
 Board $> ums 0 mmc 0
 
 PC $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/sda1 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/sda2 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sda3 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=u-boot.stm32 of=/dev/sda3 conv=fdatasync

1.3 SD card update example with SPL as FSBL[edit]

The USB card reader is /dev/sdb, GPT partition <n> is /dev/sdb<n>:

 
PC $> dd if=u-boot-spl.stm32 of=/dev/sdb1 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=u-boot-spl.stm32 of=/dev/sdb2 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb3 conv=fdatasync
 PC $> dd if=u-boot.img of=/dev/sdb3 conv=fdatasync

2 Update of e•MMC with the Linux dd command[edit]

The same command, dd, can be used to update e•MMC memory mapping:

  • SSBL U-Boot is the first GPT partition in the e•MMC user area
  • FSBL = TF-A (or SPL) is saved at the beginning of the e•MMC boot partition

The user needs to select the e•MMC hardware partition to update: user data, boot1, or boot2.

2.1 On a Linux console[edit]

If dev = mmcblk1 for e•MMC device (default on ST Microelectronics board)

The boot partitions are available in /dev/mmcblk1boot0 and /dev/mmcblk1boot1 [1].

The user perhaps needs to allow access, for example with:

 
Board $>  echo 0 > /sys/class/block/mmcblk1boot0/force_ro

The mmc tools allow the boot partition to be selected [2].

The STM32MP15x ROM code requires:

  • <send_ack> =1
  • the eMMC boot configuration is: 1 wire configuration and 25 MHz, it is done with the command:
 
Board $>  mmc bootbus set  single_backward x1 x1 dev/mmcblk1

To update TF-A in boot1 and select this boot partition:

 
Board $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/mmcblk1boot0 conv=fdatasync
 Board $> mmc bootpart enable 1 1 /dev/mmcblk1

To update TF-A in boot2 and select this boot partition:

 
Board $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/mmcblk1boot1 conv=fdatasync
 Board $> mmc bootpart enable 2 1 /dev/mmcblk1

To update U-Boot in the first GPT partition:

 
Board $> dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mmcblk1p1 conv=fdatasync
 Board $> dd if=u-boot.stm32 of=/dev/mmcblk1p1 conv=fdatasync

See also [3].

2.2 On a U-Boot console[edit]

The e•MMC update is done with the ums command and the targeted e•MMC HW partition is selected in U-Boot by the third parameter partition_access of command mmc partconf:

  • 0: user data partition
  • 1: boot partition 1
  • 2: boot partition 2
 
Board $>  help mmc 
 ...
 mmc bootbus dev boot_bus_width reset_boot_bus_width boot_mode
- Set the BOOT_BUS_WIDTH field of the specified device
 mmc bootpart-resize <dev> <boot part size MB> <RPMB part size MB>
- Change sizes of boot and RPMB partitions of specified device
 mmc partconf dev [boot_ack boot_partition partition_access]
- Show or change the bits of the PARTITION_CONFIG field of the specified device

For example:

* dev = 1 (e•MMC device on ST Microelectronics board)
* boot_ack=1 (Boot Acknowledge is needed by ROM code) 
* boot_partition = 1 (Boot partition 1 enabled for boot)
* partition_access =  0 (No access to boot partition - default) 
* or partition_access =  1 (R/W boot partition 1) 

And on a PC, the mass storage is mounted as /dev/sda

To update FSBL=TF-A, select the boot1 HW partition and come back to the user area at the end.

 
Board $> mmc dev 1
 Board $> mmc partconf 1 1 1 1 
 Board $> ums 0 mmc 1
 
 PC $> dd if=tf-a.stm32 of=/dev/sda  conv=fdatasync
  
 Board $> mmc partconf 1 1 1 0

To update SSBL = U-Boot in the first GPT partition in the user partition

 
Board $> mmc dev 1
 Board $> ums 0 mmc 1
 
 PC $> dd if=u-boot.stm32 of=/dev/sda1 conv=fdatasync

Before the first boot, select the e•MMC correct boot configuration (1 wire, 25 MHz) with the command:

 
Board $> mmc bootbus 1 0 0 0

3 References[edit]

Please refer to the following links for additional information:


This page explains how to manually update the [[U-Boot_overview|U-Boot]] binaries on an SD card or on the ''e''•MMC.
{{ArticleToRename | How to update U-Boot | this article talks about update on SD card and eMMC, and in futur update NAND / NOR could added also | Patrick Delaunay}}
== To update an SD card with the Linux dd command ==

When a Linux console has access to the SD card device partitions:
* on a Linux PC
** with a card reader of this PC
** through a USB connection to the target and the  [[How to use USB mass storage in U-Boot|<code>ums</code> command]] executed on a U-Boot console
* on target, with Linux console.

[[STM32MP15_Flash_mapping#SD_card_memory_mapping|The 3 first GPT partitions on the SD card]] are:
# FSBL1
# FSBL2
# SSBL

See [[Boot_chains_overview]] for the bootloader definitions.

You can use the Linux <code>dd</code> command to copy the FSBL and SSBL directly to the correct partition:
  {{PC$}}  dd if={{HighlightParam|<file>}} of=/dev/{{HighlightParam|<dev>}} conv={{HighlightParam|fdatasync}}

{{HighlightParam|<dev>}} is:
* mmcblk{{Highlight|<X>}}p{{Highlight|<n>}}: PC-embedded card reader case or target Linux console
* sd{{Highlight|<X>}}{{Highlight|<n>}}: USB-connected SD card reader case
where {{Highlight|<X>}} is the ID of the device, and {{Highlight|<n>}} the ID of the partition.

Note: the dd option {{HighlightParam|conv}}={{HighlightParam|fdatasync}} is used to force synchronous copying.

=== U-Boot environment ===

The U-Boot environment is saved at the end of the U-Boot partition, named "ssbl":  ID  = {{HighlightParam|3}}.

To clear this environment, erase the U-Boot partition before any update; for example, by writing 0 to this partition:
  {{PC$}}  dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mmcblk{{Highlight|<X>}}p{{HighlightParam|3}} conv=fdatasync

  {{PC$}}  dd if=/dev/zero of=sd{{Highlight|<X>}}{{HighlightParam|3}} conv=fdatasync

=== SD card update example ===
The internal card reader is /dev/mmcblk0 or for a target Linux console, GPT partition <n> is {{HighlightParam|/dev/mmcblk0}}p<n>:
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|tf-a.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/mmcblk0}}p1 conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|tf-a.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/mmcblk0}}p2 conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if=/dev/zero of={{HighlightParam|/dev/mmcblk0}}p3 conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/mmcblk0}}p3 conv=fdatasync

Alternatively, with U-Boot console, dev = {{Highlight|0}} (SD card device on ST Microelectronics board), GPT partition <n> is {{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}<n>:
  {{Board$}} mmc dev {{Highlight|0}} 
  {{Board$}} ums 0 mmc {{Highlight|0}}

  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|tf-a.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}1 conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|tf-a.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}2 conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if=/dev/zero of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}3 conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}3 conv=fdatasync

=== SD card update example with SPL as FSBL ===
The USB card reader is /dev/sdb, GPT partition <n> is {{HighlightParam|/dev/sdb<n>}}:
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot-spl.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sdb1}} conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot-spl.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sdb2}} conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if=/dev/zero of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sdb3}} conv=fdatasync
  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot.img}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sdb3}} conv=fdatasync

== Update of ''e''•MMC with the Linux dd command ==

The same command, <code>dd</code>, can be used to update [[STM32MP15_Flash_mapping#eMMC_memory_mapping|''e''•MMC memory mapping]]:
* SSBL U-Boot is the first GPT partition in the ''e''•MMC user area
* FSBL = TF-A (or SPL) is saved at the beginning of the ''e''•MMC boot partition

The user needs to select the ''e''•MMC hardware partition to update: user data, boot1, or boot2.

=== On a Linux console ===

If dev = {{Highlight|mmcblk1}}  for ''e''•MMC device (default on ST Microelectronics board)

The boot partitions are available in  /dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|boot0}} and  /dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|boot1}} <ref>https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/mmc/mmc-dev-parts.txt</ref>.

The user perhaps needs to allow access, for example with:
  {{Board$}}  echo 0 > /sys/class/block/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|boot0}}/force_ro

The mmc tools allow the boot partition to be selected <ref>https://manpages.debian.org/buster/mmc-utils/mmc.1.en.html</ref>.

The STM32MP15x ROM code requires:
* <send_ack> =1
* the eMMC boot configuration is: 1 wire configuration and 25 MHz, it is done with the command:
  {{Board$}}  mmc bootbus set  single_backward x1 x1 dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}

To update TF-A in boot1 and select this boot partition:   
  {{Board$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|tf-a.stm32}} of=/dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|boot0}} conv=fdatasync
  {{Board$}} mmc bootpart enable {{HighlightParam|1}} 1 /dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}

To update TF-A in boot2 and select this boot partition:  
  {{Board$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|tf-a.stm32}} of=/dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|boot1}} conv=fdatasync
  {{Board$}} mmc bootpart enable {{HighlightParam|2}} 1 /dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}

To update U-Boot in the first GPT partition:
  {{Board$}} dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|p1}} conv=fdatasync
  {{Board$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot.stm32}} of=/dev/{{Highlight|mmcblk1}}{{HighlightParam|p1}} conv=fdatasync

See also <ref>https://www.emcraft.com/som/stm32mp1/booting-linux-from-emmc</ref>.

=== On a U-Boot console ===

The ''e''•MMC update is done with the [[How to use USB mass storage in U-Boot|<code>ums</code> command]] and
the targeted ''e''•MMC HW partition is selected in U-Boot by the third parameter {{HighlightParam|partition_access}} of command <code>{{Highlight|mmc partconf}}</code>:
* {{HighlightParam|0}}: user data partition
* {{HighlightParam|1}}: boot partition 1
* {{HighlightParam|2}}: boot partition 2

  {{Board$}}  help mmc 
  ...
  mmc bootbus dev boot_bus_width reset_boot_bus_width boot_mode
 - Set the BOOT_BUS_WIDTH field of the specified device
  mmc bootpart-resize <dev> <boot part size MB> <RPMB part size MB>

 - Change sizes of boot and RPMB partitions of specified device
  mmc partconf dev [boot_ack boot_partition {{HighlightParam|partition_access}}]
 - Show or change the bits of the PARTITION_CONFIG field of the specified device

For example:
 * dev = {{Highlight|1}} (''e''•MMC device on ST Microelectronics board)
 * boot_ack=1 (Boot Acknowledge is needed by ROM code) 
 * boot_partition = 1 (Boot partition 1 enabled for boot)
 * {{HighlightParam|partition_access}} =  {{HighlightParam|0}} (No access to boot partition - default) 
 * or {{HighlightParam|partition_access}} =  {{HighlightParam|1}} (R/W boot partition 1) 

And on a PC, the mass storage is mounted as {{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}} 

To update FSBL=TF-A, select the boot1 HW partition and come back to the user area at the end.
  {{Board$}} mmc dev {{Highlight|1}}
  {{Board$}} mmc partconf {{Highlight|1}} 1 1 {{HighlightParam|1}} 
  {{Board$}} ums 0 mmc {{Highlight|1}}

  {{PC$}} dd if=tf-a.stm32 of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}  conv=fdatasync

  {{Board$}} mmc partconf {{Highlight|1}} 1 1 {{HighlightParam|0}}

To update SSBL = U-Boot in the first GPT partition in the user partition
  {{Board$}} mmc dev {{Highlight|1}}
  {{Board$}} ums 0 mmc {{Highlight|1}}

  {{PC$}} dd if={{HighlightParam|u-boot.stm32}} of={{HighlightParam|/dev/sda}}1 conv=fdatasync

Before the first boot, select the ''e''•MMC correct boot configuration (1 wire, 25 MHz) with the command:
  {{Board$}} mmc bootbus {{HighlightParam|1}} 0 0 0

==References==
Please refer to the following links for additional information:
<references />

<noinclude>

[[Category:How to populate boards]]
{{PublicationRequestId | 16075 | 2020-05-12}}</noinclude>
Line 1: Line 1:
 
This page explains how to manually update the [[U-Boot_overview|U-Boot]] binaries on an SD card or on the ''e''•MMC.
 
This page explains how to manually update the [[U-Boot_overview|U-Boot]] binaries on an SD card or on the ''e''•MMC.
 
{{ArticleToRename | How to update U-Boot | this article talks about update on SD card and eMMC, and in futur update NAND / NOR could added also | Patrick Delaunay}}
 
   
 
== To update an SD card with the Linux dd command ==
 
== To update an SD card with the Linux dd command ==