How to record audio

Revision as of 08:47, 7 February 2019 by imported>Frq08988
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1 Article purpose[edit]

This article explains how to record audio via the kernel ALSA audio framework in Linux® OS context. The examples below, show how to record audio from the different audio hardware interfaces of the STM32MPU boards.

2 Audio record overview[edit]

The ALSA framework exposes audio devices associated to the board audio hardware interfaces.

The application audio streams are routed by default through the PulseAudio sound server. PulseAudio exposes audio profiles, which are mapped on the ALSA sound card audio devices. The PulseAudio server provides a command line interface to list audio profiles and to select one, in order to record from a specific audio interface.

The audio record examples in following sections are based on ALSA utilities. Some input paths are configured through ALSA controls. These configurations are detailed in sound card configuration article. If an error is issued when running an example, please refer to Audio troubleshooting grid article for debug.

3 Examples[edit]

3.1 Audio record from headset microphone input[edit]

  • Record from ALSA device

Launch audio record from 'record_codec' ALSA device:

Info.png 'record_codec' is an alias defined in /etc/asound.conf, for headset microphone input device.
Board $> arecord -D record_codec -f S16_LE -d 10 /tmp/rec.wav
  • Record via PulseAudio

Change Pulseaudio active profile of the sound card, to 'analog-stereo' profile:

Info.png The Pulseaudio analog-stereo profile is the default profile. So next command is not required after boot.
Info.png Example below is given for sound card index 0. Check sound cards index with "pactl list cards short" command.
Board $> pacmd set-card-profile 0 output:analog-stereo+input:analog-stereo

Launch audio record:

Board $> arecord -d 10 /tmp/rec.wav

3.2 Audio record from digital microphone input[edit]

Warning.png The support of digital microphone input is board dependent. Please, check available inputs with "arecord -l" command.
  • Record from ALSA device

Launch audio record from 'record_dfsdm0' ALSA device:

Info.png 'record_dfsdm0' is an alias defined in /etc/asound.conf, for digital microphone U1 input device.
Board $> arecord -D record_dfsdm0 -r 16000 -f S32_LE -c 1 -d 10 /tmp/rec.wav

3.3 Audio record from S/PDIF input[edit]

Warning.png The support of S/PDIF input is board dependent. Please, check available inputs with "arecord -l" command.
  • Record from ALSA device

Launch audio record from 'record_spdif' ALSA device:

Info.png 'record_spdif' is an alias defined in /etc/asound.conf, for S/PDIF input device.
Info.png A S/PDIF signal must be available on S/PDIF RCA input connector before launching the record command. The record rate must be set according to S/PDIF signal sampling rate.
Board $> arecord -D record_spdif -f S32_LE -c 2 -r 48000 -d 10 /tmp/rec.wav

Operating System

Advanced Linux sound architecture

Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format

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