- Last edited 7 days ago
STM32MP15 device tree
- 1 Purpose and scope
- 2 Device tree structure for Linux, U-Boot and TF-A
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Upstreamed device tree
- 2.3 Manual customization of STM32MP15 reference device tree
- 2.3.1 Generic setup
- 2.3.2 Clean up your configuration
- 2.4 STM32CubeMX generated device tree
1 Purpose and scope
The purpose of this article is not to explain the device tree concept and the device tree configuration supported by STM32MP15. A good knowledge of the concept is a prerequisite before reading this article. The articles regarding the configuration can be read afterwards.
2 Device tree structure for Linux, U-Boot and TF-A
The device tree files are used during boot time by the FSBL (TF-A / U-Boot SPL), the SSBL (U-Boot), and eventually by the Linux kernel.
These files are stored in different repositories, but source code reuse is maximized from one repository to another:
- The initial device tree files supporting STM32MP15 are created in the Linux kernel.
- The source code path is arch/arm/boot/dts/stm32mp15* .
- In U-Boot, Linux files are copied and overloaded with U-Boot properties (including DDR configuration).
- The source code path is arch/arm/dts/stm32mp15* .
- In TF-A, Linux files are partly copied (for device tree blob size optimization), and then completed with the DDR configuration copied from U-Boot, and with the security configuration (firewalling).
- The source code path is fdts/stm32mp15* .
The figure below shows the device tree creation flow for Linux, U-Boot and TF-A:
- Linux in dark blue
- U-Boot in green
- TF-A in pink
- STM32CubeMX generated parts in light blue
The above color codes are used for all the figures included in this article.
2.2 Upstreamed device tree
As explained in the STM32 MPU Embedded Software Open Source Software (OSS) philosophy, STMicroelectronics maximizes the usage of open source software and the upstreaming to the communities.
Note: The hashed areas on Linux device tree files represent the fact that these files are partly copied in TF-A.
2.3 Manual customization of STM32MP15 reference device tree
As explained in the above sections, the current device tree structure is based on STM32MP157C configuration, so one could wonder how to proceed for another STM32MP15 part number (see STM32MP15 microprocessor diversity for details).
Below guidelines on how to customize the device tree for another STM32MP15 MPU device.
2.3.1 Generic setup
This first step enables to boot with any STM32MP15 MPU. Warning or error messages are displayed on the console without any consequences with the boot success.
188.8.131.52 Include "stm32mp157c.dtsi", whatever your device part number
This is the superset of device tree declaration corresponding to the largest set of STM32MP15 microprocessor features.
184.108.40.206 Include the pinctrl reference file corresponding to your package size (a, b, c or d)
- stm32mp157caa-pinctrl.dtsi for 18x18 package
- stm32mp157cab-pinctrl.dtsi for 16x16 package
- stm32mp157cac-pinctrl.dtsi for 14x14 package
- stm32mp157cad-pinctrl.dtsi for 12x12 package
2.3.2 Clean up your configuration
220.127.116.11 Customize your "stm32mp157c.dtsi" file to remove all the configurations that are not relevant for your STM32MP15 part number
For example, remove cpu1 core if it is not relevant.
All the peripherals available on STM32MP15 MPU devices are configured but not activated, so no need to remove any of them in stm32mp157c.dtsi.
18.104.22.168 Activate only the peripherals available on your STM32MP15 part number on your board
- Activate the peripherals linked to security and cryptography on secure microprocessors (STM32MP157D).
- Activate FDCAN on STM32MP153x, and DSI and GPU on STM32MP157x.
2.4 STM32CubeMX generated device tree
STM32CubeMX can be used to generate the device tree files for a given project. The tool generates the files highlighted in light blue in the following diagrams, including the upstreamed files shown in the previous chapter.
- Use the Developer Package to store the STM32CubeMX-generated files in the folder of your choice. Then, manually copy or link them into Linux, U-Boot and TF-A device tree folders (see introduction). Do not forget to add your device tree file name in ../Makefile.sdk (for TF-A SDK and U-Boot SDK) and in arch/arm/boot/dts/Makefile (for Linux kernel SDK), before compiling them as expalined in How to cross-compile with the Developer Package.
- Use the Distribution Package to store the STM32CubeMX-generated files in meta-st/meta-st-stm32mp-addons/mx, as explained in the How to create your own machine article. This article also describes how to build the complete image. Examples of Linux (device tree), U-Boot and TF-A individual compiling can be found in the How to cross-compile with the Distribution Package article.