DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC internal peripherals

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1 Article purpose[edit]

The purpose of this article is to:

  • briefly introduce the DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC peripherals and their main features
  • indicate the level of security supported by those hardware blocks
  • explain how they can be allocated to the three runtime contexts and linked to the corresponding software components
  • explain, when necessary, how to configure the DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC peripherals.

2 Peripheral overview[edit]

DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC peripherals are used to configure the physical interface to the external DDR memory.

2.1 Features[edit]

Refer to STM32MP15 reference manuals for the complete features list, and to the software components, introduced below, to see which features are actually implemented.

2.2 Security support[edit]

DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC are secure aware (under ETZPC control).

Access to the DDR memory can be filtered via the TZC controller: for instance, it is possible to forbid access from the Cortex®-M4 to the DDR region used by the Cortex®-A7.

3 Peripheral usage and associated software[edit]

3.1 Boot time[edit]

DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC are kept secure and used by the FSBL to initialize the access to the DDR where it loads the SSBL (U-Boot) for execution.
STMicroelectronics wishes to make the DDR memory configuration as easy as possible, for this reason a dedicated application note[1] has been published and a DDR tuning function is available in STM32CubeMX tool in order to generate the device tree configuration that is given to the FSBL to perform this initialization.

3.2 Runtime[edit]

3.2.1 Overview[edit]

DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC are accessed at runtime by the secure monitor (from the FSBL or OP-TEE) to put the DDR in self-refresh state before going into Stop or Standby low power mode.
On Standby exit, the ROM code loads the FSBL that again configures the DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC before proceeding with the wake-up procedure.
The TZC controller is configured by TF-A to split the DDR in two regions:

  • the first region, the largest one, is reserved for Linux (Cortex-A7 non-secure context)
  • the second region, 32 Mbytes wide, is dedicated for OP-TEE (Cortex-A7 secure context). This area is used by its pager as a cache area from which it can load trusted applications that are authenticated in the SYSRAM internal memory before execution.

This split is visible in the overall memory mapping.

3.2.2 Software frameworks[edit]

Domain Peripheral Software frameworks Comment
Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Core/RAM DDR via DDRCTRL Memory mapping Memory mapping

3.2.3 Peripheral configuration[edit]

The DDRCTRL and DDRPHYC device tree configuration is generated via STM32CubeMX tool, according to the DDR characteristics (type, size, frequency, speed grade). This configuration is applied during boot time by the FSBL (see Boot chains overview): TF-A or U-Boot SPL.

3.2.4 Peripheral assignment[edit]

Internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned () to the given runtime context.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are statically connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to a runtime context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Core/RAM DDR via DDRCTRL DDR

4 References[edit]