Difference between revisions of "DAC internal peripheral"

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1 Article purpose[edit]

The purpose of this article is to

  • briefly introduce the DAC peripheral and its main features
  • indicate the level of security supported by this hardware block
  • explain how each instance can be allocated to the three runtime contexts and linked to the corresponding software components
  • explain how to configure the DAC peripheral.

2 Peripheral overview[edit]

The DAC peripheral is a voltage output digital-to-analog converter.

2.1 Features[edit]

Refer to STM32MP15 reference manuals for the complete list of features, and to the software components, introduced below, to know which features are really implemented.

  • It may be configured in 8- or 12-bit mode (data could be left- or right-aligned)
  • It has two output channels, each with its own converter
  • The dual DAC channel mode could be done independently or simultaneously
  • It has built-in noise and triangle waveform generator and supports triggers for conversions, using: TIM[1], LPTIM[2] or EXTI[3]
  • The DAC output buffer allows a high drive output current
  • It can operate under Normal mode or low-power Sample and Hold mode (uses LSI clock, from RCC[4]).
  • It may be used in conjunction with the DMA[5] controller (with underrun error detection)
  • The common reference voltage, can be provided by either VREFBUF[6] or any other external regulator[7] wired to VREF+ pin.

2.2 Security support[edit]

The DAC is a non-secure peripheral.

3 Peripheral usage and associated software[edit]

3.1 Boot time[edit]

The DAC is not used at boot time.

3.2 Runtime[edit]

3.2.1 Overview[edit]

The DAC instances can be allocated to:

  • the Arm® Cortex®-A7 non-secure core to be used under Linux® with the IIO framework

or

The Peripheral assignment chapter describes which peripheral instance can be assigned to which context.

3.2.2 Software frameworks[edit]

Domain Peripheral Software components Comment
OP-TEE Linux STM32Cube
Analog DAC Linux IIO framework STM32Cube DAC driver

3.2.3 Peripheral configuration[edit]

The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context to which the peripheral is assigned. The configuration by itself can be performed via the STM32CubeMX tool for all internal peripherals. It can then be manually completed (especially for external peripherals) according to the information given in the corresponding software framework article.

For the Linux kernel configuration, please refer to DAC device tree configuration and DAC Linux driver articles.

3.2.4 Peripheral assignment[edit]

Internal peripherals

Check boxes illustrate the possible peripheral allocations supported by STM32 MPU Embedded Software:

  • means that the peripheral can be assigned () to the given runtime context.
  • is used for system peripherals that cannot be unchecked because they are statically connected in the device.

Refer to How to assign an internal peripheral to a runtime context for more information on how to assign peripherals manually or via STM32CubeMX.
The present chapter describes STMicroelectronics recommendations or choice of implementation. Additional possiblities might be described in STM32MP15 reference manuals.

Domain Peripheral Runtime allocation Comment
Instance Cortex-A7
secure
(OP-TEE)
Cortex-A7
non-secure
(Linux)
Cortex-M4

(STM32Cube)
Analog DAC DAC Assignment (single choice)

4 References[edit]




==Article purpose==
The purpose of this article is to
* briefly introduce the DAC peripheral and its main features
* indicate the level of security supported by this hardware block
* explain how each instance can be allocated to the three runtime contexts and linked to the corresponding software components
* explain how to configure the DAC peripheral.

==Peripheral overview==
The '''DAC''' peripheral is a voltage output digital-to-analog converter.<br />


===Features===
Refer to [[STM32MP15 resources#Reference manuals|STM32MP15 reference manuals]] for the complete list of features, and to the software components, introduced below, to know which features are really implemented.<br>

* It may be configured in '''8- or 12-bit mode''' (data could be left- or right-aligned)
* It has '''two output channels''', each with its '''own converter'''
* The dual DAC channel mode could be done '''independently or simultaneously'''
* It has built-in noise and triangle '''waveform generator''' and supports '''triggers''' for conversions, using: TIM<ref name="TIM internal peripheral">[[TIM internal peripheral]]</ref>, LPTIM<ref name="LPTIM internal peripheral">[[LPTIM internal peripheral]]</ref> or EXTI<ref name="EXTI_internal_peripheral">[[EXTI internal peripheral]]</ref>

* The DAC output buffer allows a high drive output current
* It can operate under '''Normal mode''' or low-power '''Sample and Hold mode''' (uses LSI clock, from RCC<ref name="RCC internal peripheral">[[RCC internal peripheral]]</ref>).
* It may be used in conjunction with the '''DMA'''<ref name="DMA internal peripheral">[[DMA internal peripheral]]</ref> controller (with underrun error detection)
* The '''common reference voltage''', can be provided by either VREFBUF<ref name="VREFBUF internal peripheral">[[VREFBUF internal peripheral]]</ref> or any other external regulator<ref name="Regulator overview">[[Regulator overview]]</ref> wired to VREF+ pin.

===Security support===
The DAC is a '''non-secure''' peripheral.

==Peripheral usage and associated software==
===Boot time===
The DAC is not used at boot time.

===Runtime===
====Overview====
The DAC instances can be allocated to:
* the Arm<sup>&reg;</sup> Cortex<sup>&reg;</sup>-A7 non-secure core to be used under Linux<sup>&reg;</sup> with the [[IIO overview|IIO]] framework
or
* the Arm<sup>&reg;</sup> Cortex<sup>&reg;</sup>-M4 core to be used with STM32Cube Package with [[STM32CubeMP1 architecture|STM32Cube DAC driver]].

The [[#Peripheral assignment|Peripheral assignment]] chapter describes which peripheral instance can be assigned to which context.

====Software frameworks====
{{:Internal_peripherals_software_table_template}}
 | Analog
 | [[DAC internal peripheral|DAC]]
 | 
 | [[IIO overview|Linux IIO framework]]
 | [[STM32CubeMP1 architecture|STM32Cube DAC driver]]
 |
 |-
 |}

====Peripheral configuration====
The configuration is applied by the firmware running in the context to which the peripheral is assigned. The configuration by itself can be performed via the [[STM32CubeMX]] tool for all internal peripherals. It can then be manually completed (especially for external peripherals) according to the information given in the corresponding software framework article.

For the Linux kernel configuration, please refer to [[DAC device tree configuration]] and [[DAC Linux driver]] articles.

====Peripheral assignment====
{{:Internal_peripherals_assignment_table_template}}<onlyinclude>

 | rowspan="1" | Analog
 | rowspan="1" | [[DAC internal peripheral|DAC]]
 | DAC
 | 
 | <span title="assignable peripheral" style="font-size:21px"></span>

 | <span title="assignable peripheral" style="font-size:21px"></span>

 | Assignment (single choice)
 |-</onlyinclude>

 |}

==References==<references/>

<noinclude>

{{ArticleBasedOnModel| Internal peripheral article model}}
{{PublicationRequestId | 8310 | 2019-08-07 | AlainF}}

[[Category:Analog peripherals]]

{{ReviewsComments|JCT 1840: alignment needed with the last version of the model [[Internal peripheral article model]]<br>

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