Cross-compile with OpenSTLinux SDK

Revision as of 12:36, 15 February 2019 by Yves Coppeaux (talk | contribs) (Modifying the OP-TEE)




1 Article purpose[edit]

The pieces of software delivered as source code within the OpenSTLinux Developer Package (for example the Linux kernel) can be modified. External out-of-tree Linux kernel modules, and pieces of applicative software (for example Linux applications) can also be developed thanks to this Developer Package, and loaded onto the board.

The build of all these pieces of software by means of the SDK for OpenSTLinux distribution, and the deployment on-target of the resulting images is explained below.

Warning.png To use the cross-compilation efficiently with the OpenSTLinux SDK, it is recommended that you read the Developer Package article relative to the Series of your STM32 microprocessor: Category:Developer Package


1.1 Modifying the Linux kernel[edit]

Prerequisites:

The <Linux kernel installation directory>/README.HOW_TO.txt helper file gives the commands to:
configure the Linux kernel
cross-compile the Linux kernel
deploy the Linux kernel (that is, update the software on board)

You can refer to the following simple examples:

1.2 Adding external out-of-tree Linux kernel modules[edit]

Prerequisites:

Most device drivers (or modules) in the Linux kernel can be compiled either into the kernel itself (built-in, or internal module) or as Loadable Kernel Modules (LKMs, or external modules) that need to be placed in the root file system under the /lib/modules directory. An external module can be in-tree (in the kernel tree structure), or out-of-tree (outside the kernel tree structure).

External Linux kernel modules are compiled taking reference to a Linux kernel source tree and a Linux kernel configuration file (.config).
Thus, a makefile for an external Linux kernel module points to the Linux kernel directory that contains the source code and the configuration file, with the "-C <Linux kernel path>" option.
This makefile also points to the directory that contains the source file(s) of the Linux kernel module to compile, with the "M=<Linux kernel module path>" option.

A generic makefile for an external out-of-tree Linux kernel module looks like the following:

# Makefile for external out-of-tree Linux kernel module

# Object file(s) to be built
obj-m := <module source file(s)>.o

# Path to the directory that contains the Linux kernel source code
# and the configuration file (.config)
KERNEL_DIR ?= <Linux kernel path>

# Path to the directory that contains the generated objects
DESTDIR ?= <Linux kernel installation directory>

# Path to the directory that contains the source file(s) to compile
PWD := $(shell pwd) 
  
default:
	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNEL_DIR) M=$(PWD) modules

install:
	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNEL_DIR) M=$(PWD) INSTALL_MOD_PATH=$(DESTDIR) modules_install

clean:  
	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNEL_DIR) M=$(PWD) clean

Such module is then cross-compiled with the following commands:

$ make clean
$ make
$ make install

You can refer to the following simple example:

1.3 Adding Linux user space applications[edit]

Prerequisites:

Once a suitable cross-toolchain (OpenSTLinux SDK) is installed, it is easy to develop a project outside of the OpenEmbedded build system.
There are different ways to use the SDK toolchain directly, among which Makefile and Autotools.
Whatever the method, it relies on:

  • the sysroot that is associated with the cross-toolchain, and that contains the header files and libraries needed for generating binaries (see SDK startup)
  • the environment variables created by the SDK environment setup script (see target sysroot)


You can refer to the following simple example:

1.4 Modifying the U-Boot[edit]

Prerequisites:

The <U-Boot installation directory>/README.HOW_TO.txt helper file gives the commands to:
cross-compile the U-Boot
deploy the U-Boot (that is, update the software on board)

You can refer to the following simple example:

1.5 Modifying the TF-A[edit]

Prerequisites:

The <TF-A installation directory>/README.HOW_TO.txt helper file gives the commands to:
cross-compile the TF-A
deploy the TF-A (that is, update the software on board)

You can refer to the following simple example:

1.6 Modifying the OP-TEE[edit]

Prerequisites:

The <OP-TEE installation directory>/README.HOW_TO.txt helper file gives the commands to:
cross-compile the OP-TEE
deploy the OP-TEE (that is, update the software on board)


Software development kit

Trusted Firmware for Arm Cortex-A

Open Portable Trusted Execution Environment

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